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Задание № 53( выберите один вариант ответа)
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The Tower of London
The Tower of London was begun by William the Conqueror as a fortress and palace. Later kings made it larger and stronger, and kept soldiers, armour, weapons, treasure, and sometimes important prisoners there. For five hundred years coins of the realm were minted at the Tower and official documents stored in some of the castle buildings. There was even a zoo there which began as the king’s private collection of animals.
It was not until 1850 that the Tower became, first and foremost, a tourist attraction and even today many people live and work there, sometimes perhaps joined by the ghosts from the Tower’s long and eventful past.
For nine centuries the Tower has kept watch over London and the river Thames. For more than five hundred years the Tower stood on the very edge of London, for it was not until Tudor times that London began to spread rapidly beyond the city walls.
Until the building of London docks, early in the 19th century, hundreds of merchant ships lay at anchor between the Tower and London Bridge.
Fortress and Palace The beginning of the Tower
In 1066 William, Duke of Normandy, and his men defeated the Saxons at the battle of Hastings and killed the Saxon king, Harold. William and the Normans then set about building castles to complete their domination of England. One of the earliest castles was built where the Tower now stands. It was simply a timber fort, erected in a corner of the stone walls which the Romans had built around their city of London nine hundred years before.
In 1078 William the Conqueror ordered work to begin on a much grander castle, a great tower of stone, which would guard London and also show off his power and wealth. The walls of William’s Tower stand 90 feet (27.3m) high and are 15 feet (4.6 m ) thick at the base. Most of the stone was brought by river from Kent, though some was even shipped across the Channel from Normandy.
There was only one doorway, still in use today, set high above the ground and out of reach of battering ram and fire. The window openings were once much smaller, especially near to the ground, again for security. A few of the original windows remain, on the top storey over the entrance. To make this great tower even more impressive the walls were whitewashed and so it got its name-the White Tower.

Определите, является ли утверждение:
The history of the Tower began in the Roman times.
Варианты ответов:
1)В тексте нет информации 2) ложным 3) истинным

Задание № 54 (выберите один вариант ответа)
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Driving in New York
You don’t have to rent a car in New York as there is a good subway system but if you do, you must be able to prove you are over 25 years old. You are required to hold a valid international Driver’s License and a credit card or you will have to pay a large deposit.
Unless you are adequately covered by your own insurance policy, you should also take out damage and liability protection as vandalism is common. It is also recommended that you refill with gas before you return the car or you will have to pay double the normal price for fuel.
Parking in Manhattan is difficult and costly. Don’t be tempted to park at out-of-order meters – you may well receive a parking ticket. Yellow street and curb markings mean that you must not park.
Alternate-side parking applies on most of the city’s side streets. This means that you are authorized to leave your vehicle all day and night but it must be moved to the other side of the street before 8 am the next day.

Ответьте на вопрос
Why do you have to pay a large deposit when renting a car?
Варианты ответов
1) If you are under 21.
2) If you don’t have an international Driver’s License
3) To be able to park wherever you want.
4) If you don’t have a credit card.

Дополнительная информация

Задание № 55 (выберите один вариант ответа)
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Travelling by Train
1. Most British roads are becoming badly congested with motor traffic. Out of a population of 55 million there are 11 million or more of the British who own their own cars and more than a million who own motorcycles, besides which there are about another two million vehicles on the road for the transport of passengers and freight. So it is no wonder that more and more car-owners are returning to railway travel as a less exhausting and usually faster way of getting from one big centre to another.
2. In the first place, one sees much more of the country by train than one does by road. In Scotland, in fact, there are more magnificent stretches of scenery which can be admired from the train – but not by motorist unless he is prepared to get out of his car and walk a good many miles. In other parts of the country the train passes by farmhouses 400 years old, and towering castles still older; one also sees more of the wild life from trains.
3. Very near London, for instance, some red foxes have brought up their cubs in a burrow in a railway cutting, without fear of the expresses thundering by a few yards away. Then Britain is, of course, a country of gardens: most people’s ambition, as they get older, is to own a small house with a little garden in front and quite a large garden behind. From the train, but never from the road, one sees these back gardens, swirling with roses in summer, with children playing on carefully tended lawns, and with flowering borders and fruitful kitchen gardens.
4. And to all these sights one can give one’s whole attention because one is not driving oneself. It is all because the railway lines, although they are the oldest in the world, haven’t been hemmed in by later building. Long stretches of the main roads, however, are now entirely dominated by buildings on both sides - completely “built up’.
5. The administration of British railways has in recent years organized the connections between the chief cities so that the timetables are easy for regular travelers to remember. To Norwich, for instance, the trains from London leave “every hour, at the half hour”.

Укажите какой части текста (1, 2, 3, 4,5 ) соответствует следующая информация:
Gardening is the hobby that people acquire with years.
Варианты ответов:
1, 2, 3, 4, 5

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