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Англ, вариант 2 (The Growing World of Commerce)

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Загружен: 15.06.2014
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I. Подчеркните сказуемое предложений, определите его видовременную форму, переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. China needs markets for the goods that its rapidly growing economy produces.
2. Deputies have already discussed the amendments to the tax legislation.
3. The tourist industry in Brazil had problems in the past because of high inflation.
4. The construction of the new plant will begin in the second half of this year.
5. The cooperation between Russian and foreign automakers was expanding all last year.
6. Counterfeiting goods is becoming more and more popular nowadays.
7. I had sold all shares before prices on them rose.

II. Соотнесите видовременную форму страдательного залога в первой колонке с соответствующим названием во второй колонке.
1.was produced a) Past Continuous Passive
2. will be produced b) Present Simple Passive
3. is produced c) Past Simple Passive
4. had been produced d) Future Perfect Passive
5. was being produced e) Past Perfect Passive
6. will have been produced f) Present Continuous Passive
7. have been produced g) Future Simple Passive
8. is being produced e) Present Perfect Passive

III. Подчеркните сказуемое предложений, определите его видовременную форму и залог, переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. The problem was quickly solved at the meeting.
2. The price of the goods will have been increased by the end of the year.
3. New president of the company will be elected by the board of Directors next year.
4. When we entered the room the report was being discussed by the group.
5. All new employees in our company are thoroughly selected.

IV. Раскройте скобки и поставьте глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive, переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. One more order on delivering new machinery (to receive) by our company a month ago.
2. The application form (to fill) in tomorrow.
3. The petrol prices (to reduce) by the oil-companies last week.
4. A new product (to launch) next week.
5. New laws and resolutions (to pass) every month.

V. Поставьте следующие предложения в Passive Voice. Начните предложения с указанных слов.
1. He made a nice presentation of a new product. A nice presentation of a new product…
2. All people discuss financial crisis. Financial crisis …
3. Our chief will introduce a new employee tomorrow. A new employee …
4. My boss promised a rise in salary after 6 months. A rise in salary…
5. Different companies make redundant a lot of workers. A lot of workers…

VI. Переведите предложения на английский язык, поставив сказуемое в Passive Voice.
1. Новая дочерняя компания будет создана в следующем году.
2. Цены во время кризиса контролируются государством.
3. Мне предложили новую хорошо оплачиваемую работу.
4. Миллионы машин продаются и покупаются во всем мире ежегодно.
5. После конференции делегацию отправили на экскурсию по городу.

VII.Определите функцию причастия настоящего времени (Participle I) в предложении, переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. We are signing a very profitable contract at the moment.
2. While travelling abroad he found an investor for his business.
3. A person giving instructions to people is our chief engineer.
4. This firm will be spending much money on market research in the nearest future.
5. Being very busy he couldn’t come to the annual meeting of the shareholders.

VIII. Определите функцию причастия прошедшего времени (Participle II), переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. The production of vacuum-cleaners has fallen by 15 per cent this year.
2. At last the problem of tax evasion was successfully solved.
3. Our order had been delivered by Friday.
4. A discount obtained by our manager helped us save a big sum of money.
5. A new business plan is being worked out in our department at present.
6. Cars produced in our country are not so popular as foreign cars.

Дополнительная информация

IX. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на многозначность слов that, it, one.
1. I know that the secretary has found the missing file.
2. That he didn’t agree to the price is absolutely right.
3. This person is a very energetic and ambitious one.
4. One should always remember about social rules and behave according to them.
5. It’s quite easy not to forget about anything if you have a dairy.

X. Подчеркните подлежащее и сказуемое в сложноподчиненных предложениях (определительных, дополнительных, обстоятельственных), переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Most companies say that advertising is necessary to create competition.
2. We must study carefully the information, which we got by e-mail yesterday.
3. Dan’s sister whom I’ve known for 10 years is a very reliable employee.
4. A contract, which you signed last week, is very risky.
5. I believe that one day we will do all our shopping over the Internet.

XI. Заполните пропуски в предложениях соответствующими союзными словами: who, that, which, when, where, why, how...
1. Our partner didn’t explain … he decided to cancel the contract.
2. I don’t know … the average price of a house in England is.
3. He asked the secretary … she would connect him with the chief.
4. The bank manager asked the client … he didn’t pay the money back.
5. I want to ask you … your new office is situated.

XII. Переведите следующие бессоюзные придаточные предложения на русский язык.
1. New principles we are applying in our work at present will help us cope with money shortage.
2. Her financial adviser is sure the project will be a success.
3. I know you are the most suitable person for this job.
4. The business my father owns deals with foreign investors.
5. He decided to sell a car he had bought only previous month.

XIII. Прочитайте и письменно переведите весь текст.
The Growing World of Commerce
Every time you watch television, listen to the radio, travel on a bus, or buy something in a shop, you are taking part in the world of commerce. Hundreds of years ago, families worked for themselves: they looked after animals and grew food. But as people started to live together in towns and cities, they began to do different jobs. For example, one person made and sold bread, another person made and sold clothes, and so on. Today, there are hundreds of different kinds of jobs. People work, earn money and spend money.
In modern world, large companies do business in every country, and they make a lot of money. Some of the largest companies are oil companies like Exxon Mobil, and car companies like Ford. These companies can make more than 100 billion dollars a year. They have a lot of power. Some people are worried that large companies have become more powerful than governments.
The value of world trade is about 4,000 billion dollars a year, and is growing fast.
Information technology and the Internet have changed the world of commerce. These changes are still happening, and nobody is sure where they will take us. But one thing is clear – the world of commerce will continue to grow.

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