Английский, вар 1 (Washington, The Nation’s Capital)

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Контрольная работа 2
Вариант 1
Вариант I выполняют студенты, чья фамилия начинается с букв А, Б, В, Г.
Задание I. Прочитайте и переведите текст.
Washington, The Nation’s Capital
Washington. D.C., the capital of the United States of America, is situated on the Potomac River Washington does not belong to a states. It is a city and a district - the District of Columbia (D.C.). The district is a piece of land ten miles square. The city is named in honor of the nation’s first President George Washington. The district is named in honor of Columbus, the discoverer of America. Don’t confuse it with the state of Washington, which lies in the north west of the United States.
President Washington chose the place for the District ant laid the corner stone of the Capitol, where Congress sits. The metropolitan area has a population of nearly three million.
Along the banks of the Potomac River there are many green parks and gardens. In 1912 Japan presented America with famous 3,000 cherry trees. These flowering cherry tree are still a major attraction for visitors and residents in the early days of spring.
The most beautiful park in metropolitan Washington is Great Falls Hark split in two by the waterfalls from the Virginia side.
Washington has many libraries, museums, art galleries and beautiful buildings. The library of Congress is the largest national library in the world. The National Gallery houses one of the greatest art collections of the world.
There is the famous Pentagon in Washington. The Pentagon is the military centre of the United States. There is also the NASA Museum in Washington. This museum is devoted to the US achievements in the exploration of Space.

Ответьте на вопросы к тексту.
1. Where is Washington, D.C., situated?
2. What does “D.C.” stand for?
3. What was the gift from Japan that is still a major attraction for visitors?
4. What famous building is there in Washington?

Задание II. Поставьте глаголы в скобках (время Past Simple).
1. In 1605 the first Europeans (to come) to Manhattan from Holland.
2. In 1613 the Dutch (to found) a city there and (to give) it the name “New Amsterdam”.
3. The English (to take) over the city in 1626 and (to rename) it after the Duke of York (Герцог Йоркский).
4. During the War of Independence New York (to be) an important political centre and for five years from 1788 till 1790, the Capital of the U.S.A.
5. In 1812 the first Russian settlement (to appear) on the American continent (about 80 kilometers from Sun Francisco).

Задание III. Поставьте предложения в отрицательные и вопросительные формы (вопрос к подчеркнутой части предложения) в Past Simple.
1. Many Scandinavians immigrated to this country in the last half of the twentieth century and the first part of of the twentieth century.
2. More than a million Norwegians came during this time.
3. Columbus made four voyages to Central America between 1492 and 1504.
4. The first English colonists landed in the South in the late sixteenth century.
5. In the 1620s and the 1630s leaders of religious groups from England established new colonies in the territory that they called New England.

Задание IV. Раскройте скобки, употребив время Раst Simple или Past Continuous.
1. Americans (to proclaim) the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776, when the American colonies (to fight) for independence against England.
2. The men from the “Mayflower” {to look for) a good place to live during five weeks and soon they (to find) such a place.
3. At that time the American colonies (to become) stronger and (to establish) their own industry, agriculture acid trade.
4. The United States (to acquire) Florida from Spain in 1819.
5. Thousands of people (to travel) to California in search of gold the whole year (1848-1849).

Дополнительная информация

Задание V. Раскройте скобки, употребив время Present Simple или Present Continuous.
1. The Indians still (to struggle) for their independence and self-respect at present.
2. On the second Sunday of May - Mother’s Da
3. Soon you (to enjoy) a view of the city from the top this building.
4. Don’t do that, I (to do) it.
5. Many people (to march) in the parade on Thanksgiving Day.

Задание VII. Поставьте предложения в отрицатель¬ную или вопросительную форму (к подчеркнутой части предложения) в Future Simple.
1. The travel agency will offer you many interesting routs.
2. The tourist group will stay at this hotel.
3. The whole family will get together on Thanksgiving Day.
4. You will hear the story about the Pilgrims and the “Mayflower”.
5. You will become a citizen of this country in 5 years.

Задание VIII. Раскройте скобки, употребив время Future Simple или Future Continuous.
1. The young couple (to travel) at this time next summer.
2. The population of the country (to grow) during the next decade.
3. I am sure they (to enjoy) this trip because they (to see) many wonderful places.
4. Who (to pay) for this trip?
5. Arizona is famous for its natural wonders. Your tourist group (to go) to the Grand Canyon and (to enjoy) the bright colors of the canyon wall for some hours.

Задание IX. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в форме Participle II. Переведите предложения.
1. The statue (to present) to the United States of America in 1884 became national monument in 1924.
2. In 1860 a man (to call) Russell started the Pony Express.
3. The news of the riches (to find) in America brought explorers from the old world.
4. The discovery of the mainland of North America (to make) by Vitus Bering in 1741, gave Russia its right to Alaska.
5. Alaska (to sell) by Russia in 1867 cost America seven million dollars.

Задание X. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в форме Participle I. Переведите предложения.
1. Many students get part-time jobs in December (to deliver) mail or (to sell) gifts, trees, ornaments or greeting cards.
2. When the Scandinavians arrived there were very little Indians (to remain) in this territory.
3. The British won an outright victory (полную победу) in the Seven Year War (to take) control of all the Eastern North America.
4. In 1774 The Continental Congress in Philadelphia decided to send a letter to London (to ask) the Government to respect the rights of the colonists in America.
5. Francis Drake, English explorer, (to sail) in the Pacific in 1577 was the first man who wrote about the fogs in the San Francisco district.

Задание XI. Поставьте необходимый модальный глагол или эквивалент. Переведите предложения.
1. As there were little Indians in the territory the settlers ... not worry about the war, they only ... to worry about their survival.
2. The Colonies had no right to trade with other nations than England and they also ... to pay duty on the products from England.
3. The discovery of the mainland of North America in 1741 gave Russia its right to Alaska. Bering died before he ... take the good news back to Russia.
4. Before a president goes into office, s(he) ... be 35 years old.
5. Riders of the Pony Express ... travel from East to West in 10 days.

Задание XII. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на перевод инфинитива.
1. Rock music is an important part of American Culture. Teenagers often want to establish their own identity and need to express their own feelings.
2. Lewis and Clark were about to cross the Missouri River. There were a lot of rapids. They decided to look for another place to cross because the river was too dangerous to cross at that point.
3. To earn extra money the students get part-time jobs in December.
4. Columbus was an Italian seaman. He asked many governments for money to make a westward voyage to India.
5. Columbus became the first explorer to reach the mainland of South America in 1498.


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