Английский (What is International Trade?)

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Задание 1. Из четырех вариантов A,B,C,D выберите единственно правильный. Спишите предложение и переведите его на русский язык.
Выберите правильный ответ
1. Не usually had dinner at 4 p.m.....?
a) had he b) hadn´t, he c) did he d) didn´t he
2. He works ... and makes good progress.
a) hard b) hardly c)good d) badly
3. I’ve made ... mistakes now than I made last time.
a) Few b) a few c) fewer d) less
4. ... only one theatre and two cinemas in this city ten years ago.
a) There is b) There was c) There are d) There were
5. … first band news.
a) These are b) This is c) Those are d) They are
6. Would you like … milk with your tea?
a) some b) a few c) any d) many
7. ... something strange in her appearance.
a) It is b) This is c) There is d) That is
8. I’m afraid my watch ... stopped.
a) had b) have c) were d) has
9. Who can tell me where ... ?
a) is my key b) my key is c) my key bad been d) was my key
10. How ... clothes are you going to take with you?
a) much b) little c) many d) few
11. Let´s finish the translation today, …?
a) shall we b) will we c) shan’t we d) won´t we
12. This is my lighter, and where is …?
a) Ben b) your c) their d) Ben’s

Задание 2. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст. Ответьте письменно на вопросы после текста.
What is International Trade?
When Honduras exports bananas to Switzerland, they can use the money they earn to import Swiss chocolate -—or to pay for Kuwaiti oil or a vacation in Hawaii. The basic idea of international trade and investment is simple: each country produces goods or services that can be either consumed at home or exported to other countries.
The main difference between domestic trade and international trade is the use of foreign currencies to pay for the goods and services crossing international borders. Although global trade is often added up in U.S. dollars, the trading itself involves various currencies. Japanese videocassette recorders are paid for in German marks in Berlin, and German cars are paid for in U.S. dollars in Boston. Indian tea, Brazilian coffee, and American films are sold around the world in currencies as diverse as Turkish liras and Mexican pesos.

Дополнительная информация

Whenever a country imports or exports goods and services, there is a resulting flow of funds: money returns to the exporting nation, and money flows out of the importing nation. Trade and investment is a two-way street, and with a minimum of trade barriers, international trade and investment usually makes everyone better off.
In an interlinked global economy, consumers are given the opportunity to buy the best products at the best prices. By opening up markets, a government allows its citizens to produce and export those things they are best at and to import the rest, choosing from whatever the world has to offer.
Some trade barriers will always exist as long as any two countries have different sets of laws. However, when a country decides to protect its economy by erecting artificial trade barriers, the result is often damaging to everyone, including those people whose barriers were meant to protect.
The Great Depression of the 1930s, for example, spread around the world when the United States decided to erect trade barriers to protect local producers. As other countries retaliated, trade plumered, jobs were lost, and the world entered into a long period of economic decline.
Проверьте себя:
1. What is the basic idea of international trade?
2. What is the main difference between domestic and international trade?
3. How can you consider trade barriers?
4. What is the difference between trade and investment?
5. What were the sequences of the Great Depression of the 1930s?

Задание 3. Переведите письменно на русский язык деловое письмо:
Dear Sir,
The Chairman and the Managing Director of this Company will be visiting... (name of the city) in September, for the World Trade Fair, and will require a suite with two bedrooms. A single room, on the same floor if possible, will also be needed for their secretary.
Please let


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