RU
Каталог

Контрольная по английскому № 2

Продаж: 0
Возвратов: 0

Загружен: 29.07.2014
Содержимое: 40729104722367.zip (21,64 Кбайт)

Описание товара

Упр. I: Перепишите следующие предложения, раскрывая скобки. Переведите предложения письменно.
1. Crimes committed by the juveniles (try / are tried) in juvenile courts.
2. The Lord Chancellor (appoints, is appointed) Justices of the Peace.
3. Some minor cases (hear / are heard) by 2 magistrates.
4. This case (will consider / will be considered) next week.
5. Justices of the Peace (choose / are chosen) from ordinary people
6. Magistrates (advise / are advised) on points of law by the clerk of the court.
7. A serious crime (committed / was committed) last week in this town.
8. Twelve men and women will be selected from the local community to try this case.

Упр. II: Заполните пропуски правильной видо-временной формой глагола. Перепишите и переведите предложения.


1. Magistrates ……….. minor cases. will be tried

2. They ………. this case two days ago. is tried

3. A serious case ………. in the Crown Court will try

last month. try
4. The County Court ………. this case in 2 days. tried
5. As this case is connected with property was tried

rights it ……… by the High Court.
6. If an offender is under seventeen, his

case …… ... the juvenile court.
Упр. III. Переведите текст письменно.

Judges in Great Britain.

In Britain, the vast majority of judges (that is, the people who decide what should be done with people who commit crimes) are unpaid. They are called “Magistrates”, or “Justices of the Peace” (JPs).

They are ordinary citizens who are selected not because they have any legal training but because they have “common sense” and understand their fellow human beings. They work voluntarily. They are appointed by the Lord Chancellor on the recommendation of local advisory committees.

A case is usually heard by a bench of three magistrates who are advised on the law by the clerk of the court. There are about 30,000 magistrates and they hear over 90 per cent of criminal cases.

Besides, there is a small proportion of district judges. These are full-time paid judges appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of the Lord Chancellor. There are about 100 district judges in England and Wales. They sit in the magistrates’ courts in the larger cities, particularly in London. A case is usually heard by a single district judge. Barristers or solicitors of seven years’ experience can be appointed district judges.
Judges in Great Britain.
In Britain, the vast majority of judges (that is, the people who decide what should be done with people who commit crimes) are unpaid. They are called “Magistrates”, or “Justices of the Peace” (JPs).
They are ordinary citizens who are selected not because they have any legal training but because they have “common sense” and understand their fellow human beings. They work voluntarily. They are appointed by the Lord Chancellor on the recommendation of local advisory committees. A case is usually heard by a bench of three magistrates who are advised on the law by the clerk of the court. There are about 30,000 magistrates and they hear over 90 per cent of criminal cases.
Besides, there is a small proportion of district judges. These are fulltime paid judges appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of the Lord Chancellor. There are about 100 district judges in England and Wales. They sit in the magistrates’ courts in the larger cities, particularly in London. A case is usually heard by a single district judge. Barristers or solicitors of seven years’ experience can be appointed district judge
A distinctive feature of the British system in comparison with many continental systems is that it does not have law schools training judges. Judges are chosen from lawyers who gained considerable experience as legal practitioners before they are appointed to the judiciary. In continental systems a law graduate can choose to be a judge at the beginning of his/her career. In Great Britain they cannot.
The vast majority of judges are magistrates.

Дополнительная информация

A small proportion of judges are not magistrates. They are called “High Court Judges” and they deal with the most serious crimes, such as those for which the criminal must be sent to prison for more than a year. High Court Judges are paid salaries by the state and have considerable legal training.
The work of judges is not easy. They even make mistakes sometimes. These mistakes are often overruled by appeal courts. People usually say that the judge has ‘power over the lives and livelihood’ of all litigants who enter the court. The judge’s decision may frequently affect the interests of individuals and groups of people who are not present in court. That’s why it’s true to say that the judge has burdensome responsibilities to make decisions. That’s why we say that the judge’s work is not easy.

V. Прочитайте и переведите следующие предложения.
1. English is a widespread language. It is spoken all over the world.
2. It´s a very good dictionary. It was bought last week.
3. He will be sent on business next week.
4. The book is much spoken about.
5. The doctor was sent for at once.
6. Is she often invited to the cinema or to the theatre?
7. When he was a teenager, he was often laughed at.
8. Spanish is not taught at our Academy.
9. A new hostel will be built in a year.
10. All the exams were passed successfully in January.

Раскройте скобки, выбирая требующуюся форму глагола .

1. The porter will (bring, be brought) your luggage to your room. 2. Your luggage will (bring, be brought) up in the lift. 3. You may (leave, be left) your hat and coat in the cloak-room downstairs. 4. They can (leave, be left) the key with the clerk downstairs. 5. From the station they will (take, be taken) straight to the hotel. 6. Tomorrow he will (take, be taken) them to the Russian Museum. 7. At the station they will (meet, be met) by a man from the travel bureau. 8. She will (meet, be met) them in the hall upstairs.

Who is Who in the Law?
If you are prosecuted for a crime in Britain, you may meet the following people during your process through the courts:
MAGISTRATES. Magistrates are unpaid judges, usually chosen from well-respected people in the local community. They are not legally qualified. They are guided on points of law by an official, the Clerk. SOLICITORS. After the suspect was arrested, the first person he/ she needs to see is a solicitor. Solicitors are qualified lawyers who advise the person and help prepare the defence case.
BARRISTERS. In more serious cases, or where there are special difficulties, it is usual for the solicitor to hire a barrister to defend the accused. The barrister is trained in the law and in the skills required to argue a case in court.
JURORS. A jury consists of twelve men and women from the local community. They sit in the Crown Court, with a judge, and listen to witnesses for the defence and prosecution before deciding whether the accused is guilty or innocent.
JUDGES. Judges are trained lawyers nearly always exbarristers, who sit in the Crown Court and Appeal Court. The judge rules on points of law, and makes sure that the trial is conducted properly. He/she does not decide on the guilt or innocence of the accused - that is the jury´s job. However, if the jury find the accused guilty, then the judge will pass sentence.

Отзывы

0
Отзывов от покупателей не поступало.
За последние
1 мес 3 мес 12 мес
0 0 0
0 0 0
В целях противодействия нарушению авторских прав и права собственности, а также исключения необоснованных обвинений в адрес администрации сайта о пособничестве такому нарушению, администрация торговой площадки Plati (http://www.plati.com) обращается к Вам с просьбой - в случае обнаружения нарушений на торговой площадке Plati, незамедлительно информировать нас по адресу support@plati.com о факте такого нарушения и предоставить нам достоверную информацию, подтверждающую Ваши авторские права или права собственности. В письме обязательно укажите ваши контактные реквизиты (Ф.И.О., телефон).

В целях исключения необоснованных и заведомо ложных сообщений о фактах нарушения указанных прав, администрация будет отказывать в предоставлении услуг на торговой площадке Plati, только после получения от Вас письменных заявлений о нарушении с приложением копий документов, подтверждающих ваши авторские права или права собственности, по адресу: 123007, г. Москва, Малый Калужский пер. д.4, стр.3, Адвокатский кабинет «АКАР №380».

В целях оперативного реагирования на нарушения Ваших прав и необходимости блокировки действий недобросовестных продавцов, Plati просит Вас направить заверенную телеграмму, которая будет являться основанием для блокировки действий продавца, указанная телеграмма должна содержать указание: вида нарушенных прав, подтверждения ваших прав и ваши контактные данные (организиционно-правовую форму лица, Ф.И.О.). Блокировка будет снята по истечение 15 дней, в случае непредставления Вами в Адвокатский кабинет письменных документов подтверждающих ваши авторские права или права собственности.

Партнерам: 0,04 $ — как заработать
Оплатить с помощью:
с "Правилами покупки товаров" ознакомлен и согласен