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Контрольная по английскому. Вариант 5

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ВАРИАНТ 5
Задание 1.
1. Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопрос (письменно):
Why are electromagnetically recharged buses free to travel off the buslanes?
2. Переведите письменно 1 абзац текста.
Magnetic tracks for electric buses
1. One of the hindrances in the development of electric vehicles is the limited range afforded by battery power. A unique electric- bus fleet scheduled for a test run later this year in Santa Barbara, Calif., promises to be a step toward solving the problem for mass-transit systems. Systems Control Technology of Palo Alto, Calif., has designed battery-powered buses that can be recharged on the road, drawing their power from underground cables along the route. There is no physical contact between the bus and the cables. Instead, an electrical current running through the cables creates magnetic field that is picked up by conductors beneath the chassis and absorbed by 64 heavy-duty electrical cells that power the bus.
2. Unlike electric buses and trolleys that are fed from overhead cables, electromagnetically recharged buses are free to travel limited distances off the bus lanes using power stored in the battery cells. Unlike conventional battery-powered vehicles, overnight layover for recharging is not needed since the buses will replenish their power while on the go. Still, no one is
expecting this novel system to be cost-efficient yet. Developed for about $15 million, the system is strictly in a research stage.
In fact, riders of the experimental buses will not be charged a fare.
“Moscow News” from Newsweek (New York, N.Y)
Notes:
1. Santa Barbara, Calif.- S-В., California
2. fleet (n) - флот; зд. парк (автомобилей)
3. Unlike (prep.) - в отличие от
Задание 2.
1. Прочитайте текст, пользуясь словами из списка:
1. a number of - ряд (транспортных средств)
2. destination (п) - место назначения
3. indirect(ly) - непрямой, зд. косвенный
4. either .. .or .. - или.. .или...
5. unbelievable - невероятно
Transport for tomorrow
1. One thing is certain about the public transport of the future: it must be much more efficient than it is today. The time is coming when it will be quicker to fly across the Atlantic to New York than (for the London office worker, at least) to travel from home
to the office. The two main problems are: what vehicle shall we use and how can we plan out use of it?
2. There are already a number of modern vehicles which are not yet in common use, but which may become a usual means of transport in the future. One of these is the small electric car: we go out into the street, find an empty car, get into it, drive to our destination (either freely on a road as in a present-day car, or along. In fact, there may be no need to drive these cars. With automatic guidance system, it will be possible for us to select our destination just as today we select a telephone number, and or car will move automatically to the address we want. Payment for the journey could be made either indirectly through taxes (in other words, the journey would be “free”), or directly be means of a credit card.
3. Long journeys in private cars could also use automatic guidance systems. We can imagine a time when laying down the necessary equipment for a guidance system will be part of the normal motorway construction work, just as railway tracks have been laid down in the past. Arriving on the motorway, a driver will select the lane he wishes to use, switch over to automatic driving, and then relax - dream, read the newspaper, have a meal, flirt with his passenger - while the car does the work for him. Unbelievable? It is already possible. Just as in many ships and aircraft today we are piloted automatically for the greater part of the journey, so in the future we may also have this luxury in our own cars.

Дополнительная информация

4. On the other hand, we may not wish to bother with car ownership at all. Their use may be forbidden in towns, and they may be so much slower and more inconvenient for longer distances that private ownership of them may disappear. They will not, of course, be replaced entirely in towns by the guided, self-drive taxi. Underground railways will still take care of the longer, cross-town journeys and of commuter traffic.
From “Outlook: Science at Work” by John Parry.
From Moscow News
2. Укажите номера вопросов, на которые вы найдете ответы в тексте. Ответьте письменно на вопросы:
1. Will the public transport of the future be more efficient?
2. Is the small electric car in common use now?
3. Why will the cars in the future move automatically to the place of destination?
4. How could payment for the journey be made?
5. How could long journeys be taken in future?
6. Will the cars of the future be piloted automatically like many ships and aircraft?
7. What kind of transport will take care of the commuter traffic?
3. Прочитайте предложения и расположите их согласно логике текста. Выполняйте письменно.
1. The car with automatic driving will do the work for a driver.
2. The laying down the necessary equipment for a guidance system will be part of the normal construction work.
3. Small electric cars may become a usual means of transport in the future.
4. With automatic driving system it will be possible to drive to the address we want.
5. The public transport of the future must be much more efficient than it is today.
6. It will be possible for us to select our destination just as today we select a telephone number.
7. Payment will be made by means of a credit card.
Пользуясь информацией из текста, заполните следующую таблицу. Если в тексте есть неточности, внесите коррективы. Выполняйте письменно.
Chart I. Transport for tomorrow.
Means for transport Features
1 1 the lane he wishes to
use.
2. are piloted automatically.
3
4
5. automatic guidance system will be used.
2.Private cars. 1. Payment could be made by means of post cards.
2
3. With automatic guidance system there may be no need to drive these cars.
4. You get out of and lock the car.
5. It will be possible for us to select

5. а) Прочитайте следующие предложения и укажите номера предложений, которые соответствуют содержанию текста. Ъ) Внесите коррективы и перепишите.
1. Payment for the journey could be made by means of a credit card.
2. Small electric cars may become a usual means of transport in the future.
3. The public transport of the future must be much more efficient them it is today.
4. The laying down the necessary equipment for a computer system will be part of the normal construction work.
5. The cars of the future will be piloted automatically like many spaceships.
6. Underground railways will take care of commuter traffic.
6. Пользуясь следующими клише, составьте аннотацию к прочитанному тексту.
1. This text is about...
2. The title of the text is ...
3. The text consists of three (four) parts.
4. The subject of the text is ...
5. At the beginning the author states that...
6. The text provides useful information on ... 7

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