# 2 problems in economics

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# Description

Objective 1
Using the method of "cost reduction", analyze the production figures 5 following types of products and select the most cost-effective products for the enterprise (see. Table).
Table 1 Analyzed economic indicators
Product Type Totals (thous. Rub.)
Number 1 number 2 number 3 number 4 number 5
Rent (thous. Rub.) 5000 2000 1500 1000 500 10000
Salary (thous. Rub.) 3000 1500 1000 3000 1500 10000
Household expenditures (thous. Rub.) 350 250 150 150 100 1000
Electricity (thous. Rub.) 800 500 300 900 500 3000
Commerce and transport costs (thous. Rub.) 1000 700 500 500 300 3000
Raw materials (thous. Rub.) 8000 4000 3000 9000 4000 28000
Fixed costs (thous. Rub.) = 5000 + 350 + 800 + 1000 = 7150 3450 2450 2550 1400 17000
Variable salary (thous. Rub.) = 3000 + 8000 = 5500 11000 4000 12000 5500 38000
The total cost, or total cost (thous. Rub.) = 7150 + 11000 = 18150 8950 6450 14550 6900 55000
The volume of sales, units. 200 000 92 000 43 000 15 625 17 500 368125
Price per unit (thous. Rub.) 0.05 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.4 -
Revenue (thous. Rub.) = 200,000 * 0.05 = 10000 9200 8600 12500 7000 47300
Gross income (thousand. Rub.) = 10000-18150 = -8150 250 2150 -2050 100 -7700
Marginal profit (thous. Rub.) = 10000-11000 = -1000 3700 4600 500 1500 9300
Net income (thous. Rub.) = -8150 * 0.8 = 200 -6520 1720 -1640 80 -6160
Return on sales (%) = -8150 * 100/10000 = 2.72 -81.5 25 -16.4 1.43 -16.28

The organization produces gasoline grade 5, the excise duty on that 3500 rubles. 1 m gasoline. The retail price of 1 liter of petrol 21 rub., In which:
- A tax on mineral extraction tax (MET) is 8.11% of the retail price of gasoline;
- Income tax - 10% of the retail price of gasoline;
- VAT - 15.25% of the retail price of gasoline;
- The excise tax - 17.64% of the retail price of gasoline.
- Profit producers of fuel - 20% of the retail price of gasoline;
- Profit sellers of fuel - 10% of the retail price of gasoline;
- The production costs in the retail price of gasoline up 18%;
- Transport costs in the retail price of petrol is 2%;
- The share of crude oil prices in the retail price of gasoline - 3,68%.
Wholesale price of a tonne of petrol - 17 000 rubles.
The income tax rate - 20%.
Gasoline Density - 0.7 g / cm3.
Make the structure of the retail price of one liter of gasoline.

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