5 assignments on logic

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Uploaded: 07.07.2013
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19 pages

Exercise 1: Specify the unit and general concepts; Determine what the general concepts are recorded and what - not detect, highlight the collective concepts.
1. A legal entity. 2. Ivanovo region. 3. The criminal act. 4. MP. 5. "Russian Truth". 6. Marine Brigade. 7. The working class. 8. The source of law. 9. The United Nations. 10. Legal norm. 11. Science. 12. Radar. 13. Youth. 14. Replica. 15. Moskvoretsky Bridge. 16. The defense of Odessa. 17. Student Muy. 18. The investigator Stepanov. 19. Decembrists. 20. Air Fleet. 21. Higher education institutions.

Exercise 2. Pick concepts are subordination in relation to the data (generic) concepts.
1. Crime.
2. Punishment.
3. Tax.
4. Public transport.
5. Higher education institutions.
6. Officer.
7. verdict.
8. Sports game.
9. Deal.
10. stringed instruments.
11. Fiction.
12. Theft.
13. Right.
14. Title.
15. The form of government.

Exercise 3. Using a conditional package, build reasoning: a) alleges b) denies modus, build their scheme in symbolic notation. If the conditional premise is not expressed explicitly, specify it in the obvious logical form (with a bunch of "if ... then ...").
1. If there is a drought, the crops will die.
2. If the court comes to the conclusion that false documents, he will remove it from the body of evidence.
3. One and the same person can not be an advocate of the two defendants, if the interests of one of them contrary to the interests of another.
4. Due to the bad weather the flight may be delayed.
5. Where there is no agreement on the way they will not do (wing).
6. Evidence obtained in violation of the law, have no legal force.
7. Able-bodied children are obliged to care for their parents.
8. Adoption requires the consent of the adoptee when it reaches the age of ten.
9. If the environmental conditions are unfavorable for the cells, the functions it gradually weaken.
10. Items and valuables obtained by criminal means, be withdrawn during the search.
11. If you are attacked, we must defend ourselves.
12. trouble if pies begin oven cobbler (wing).
13. Do not catch fish - does not cook soup.
14. When Boris cheat do not stop,
Let's elaborate excite people (Pushkin).
15. Who loves wine, kills himself.

Additional information

Exercise 4. draw conclusions from premises, define the shape of a syllogism. With regulations set whether the output needed.
1. All law students studying logic. Falcons are not a student of college of law. Therefore ...
2. All law students studying logic. Fedorov studied logic.
3. Some students - honors. Sidorov - not an A student.
4. Some students - honors. Semenov - student.
5. Some doctors - cardiologists. All those present at the meeting - cardiologists.
6. Each participant share ownership has the right to dispose of its share to another person. N. - the co-owners.

Exercise 5. Make a conclusion (if possible) by treatment, create a diagram output.
1. Police officers take an oath.
2. Some students MSLA freshmen.
3. No innocent person should not be held criminally responsible.
4. Some scholars (and only scientists) academics.
5. Ivanov - qualified.
6. All crime - socially dangerous acts.
7. Some first-year students do not pass the test in a foreign language.
8. Many countries in Africa gained political independence.
9. All materialists (and only they) recognize the primacy of matter.
10. Persons involved in smuggling are brought to justice.
11. Some lawyers - lawyers.
12. Not all of the general nature of the full (bars).
13. The usurpation of state power - the gravest crime.
14. Religious organizations do not perform state functions.
15. Keith - not a fish.


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