8 jobs in English, option 3

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Verification work number 2 (3 semester)
on discipline "Foreign Language (English)"
for students of the Faculty of Economics of correspondence courses
Option 3

I. Read and translate written text into Russian
Distribution and sales
The term "distribution" is not confined to the physical distribution of goods from the producer to the consumer, eg road and rail transport. In the business context it also refers to the distribution channels, ie the sort of retail outlets that the goods and services are sold in.
Many industrial products and services are sold directly to the consumer or user. Most consumer products are usually distributed through retail organiza¬tions. By tradition many manufacturers sell their products to a wholesaler who warehouses the goods until they are required by the retailer. This so-called full chain of distribu-tion offers advantages to both the manufacturer and retailer.
The manufacturer can mass-produce the goods, get the money for the goods straight away, and does not have to worry about storage and distribution costs. The retailer can order goods from the wholesaler and does not have to worry about holding large stocks. The full chain of distribution has disadvantages for the manufacturer and the retailer. The wholesaler does not have any particular incentive to promote the sale of the manufacturer's goods, and the retailer will have to pay a higher price for the goods from the wholesaler than if they were bought directly from the manufacturer. Some industries have cut the "middle-man" (wholesaler), and the manufacturer sells directly to the retailer. In other indus¬tries the wholesaler may sell the goods directly to the cus¬tomer and no retailer is involved. Finally, the manufacturer may sell directly to the customer without a wholesaler or retailer being involved.


II. In writing, answer the following questions on the content of the text.
1. What is full chain of distribution?
2. What does distribution channel mean?
3. In what cases is the full chain of distribution used?

III. Rewrite the following sentences, underline in each of the modal verb or its equivalent. Turn suggestions on the Russian language.
1. If you can not find a suitable person for this position in your company you will have to look outside.
2. To hire a new employee a good manager must consider professional qualifications and personal characteristics of a candidate.
3. Any business may have the form of a partnership in such professional fields as medicine, law, accounting.
4. We shall have to hire a new book-keeper.
5. Before setting up my business I had to consult a lawyer.

IV. Rewrite the proposals translate them into Russian, noting the different meaning of the verb «to be» and «to have».
1. The accountant is to determine the ways in which the business may grow in future.
2. No expansion or reorganization is planned without the help of the accountant.
3. I shall have a lot of work, preparing income statement and balance sheet.
4. I shall have to work overtime, because I need money.
5. Their partnership was profitable and well-known.

V. Copy and move the following suggestions in writing, paying attention to the sequence of tenses.
1. He said that he was setting up a partnership.
2. We knew that our accountant had made all necessary records.
3. Our manager thought that he would sign a contract with our partners.
4. They did not know that he lived not far from their office.

VI. Copy writing and translated into Russian by the following sentences, paying attention to the translation of the proposals in the subjunctive mood.
1. If you phoned accounting department you would get all necessary information.
2. I wish she could set up her own business.
3. If would be impossible to examine a financial picture of this firm without these reports.

Additional information

VII. Rewrite the following sentence; Emphasize Participle I and Participle II. Turn suggestions on the Russian language.
1. This company, distributing some consumer goods, is well-known in our country as one of the best companies.
2. The annual report made by this accountant is perfect.
3. Setting up my own business I consulted a lawyer.

VIII. Rewrite the following sentences, translate them into Russian, paying attention to the translation of infinitive and gerund. Emphasize impersonal forms of the verb.
1. I like his methods of running a corporation.
2. A business corporation is an institution established for the purpose of making profit.
3. Market research helps the producers to predict what the people will want.

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