I. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Quantum mechanics has greatly influenced the nuclear theory.
2. The workers were mounting the new machine-tools from 5 to 7 o’clock.
3. Many compounds can be decomposed when they are acted upon by different forms of energy.
4. The engineers were asked to make an experimental model of the device.
II. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните Participle I и Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т. е. укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Natural rubber is a thermoplastic material that becomes soft when heated and hard when cooled.
2. Matter composed of any chemical combination of elements is called a compound.
3. The smallest particle having all the characteristics of an element is called an atom.
4. While bombarding the upper layers of the atmosphere, cosmic rays reach the surface of the earth.
III. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквиваленты. Переведите предложения ка русский язык.
1. A great number of plastics should find their application in the electric industry.
2. Chemical means had to be used for the separation of compounds into their elements.
3. No man is able to do 500.000 sums in one second but a computer can.
4. Any atomic station can be built in any region where its power is to be used.
IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст.
Пояснения к тексту:
1. Raman - Раман
2. pre-eminent - выдающийся, превосходящий других
3. the Civil Service - государственная служба
4. to appoint to a position - назначить на должность
5. to testify to - свидетельствовать о
6. to occupy the chair - возглавлять кафедру, заведовать кафедрой
7. brought - зд. привлёк
8. to emerge — зд. проявить себя.
CH. RAMAN (1888-1970)
Raman was an Indian Physicist, pre-eminent in molecular spectroscopy and acoustics. He created the Indian Academy of sciences in 1934 and was its president until his death in 1970. He was justly considered the father of Indian science and the Indian Government honored him with the first of its National Professorships. In 1957 he became an International Peace Prize Winner.
The son of a teacher and lecturer, Raman entered the College in Madras in 1903 and achieved the highest distinctions in the examinations for scientific degrees. As scientific research was at this time almost completely neglected in India, he then entered the Civil Service and was appointed to a position in the Finance Department in 1907. He retained this employment for ten years, mostly in Calcutta. When he was eighteen years old he published his first original optical research in the “Philosophical Magazine”. He continued scientific work in his spare time: some thirty papers testified to his ability and energy and helped to make his name familiar to scientists in Europe and America.
In 1917 Raman was offered the professorship of physics at the Calcutta University. He occupied the chair from 1917 to 1933. Raman brought to Calcutta many talented young Indians to undertake research into optical phenomena, acoustics and other branches of physics.
During the years in Calcutta Raman emerged as a truly international figure. In 1930 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics (for his work on the discovery of the effect named after him). Raman was honored by universities and scientific institutions in Russia, Europe and America as well as in his own country.
V. Письменно ответьте на вопросы к тексту.
1. What was Raman?
2. What did he create?
3. Was he considered the father of Indian science?
4. What was he awarded the Nobel Prize for?
5. What universities and institutions honored him?