Answers to gosy majoring in Finance and Credit DOC

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Speciality 080105 "Finance and Credit"
Money, credit, banks. Finance. Investments.
Finance organizations.
1. The concept and elements of the banking system.
The concept of the banking system and its properties. Types of banking systems. The distinction between administrative and command and market banking systems. Factors determining the development of the banking system. The factors that determine the current state of the banking system.
Characteristic elements of the banking system. The essence of the bank, as part of the banking system. The definitions of the bank as the company as a credit institution. Two types of credit institutions: banks and non-bank credit organizations (general and difference).
2. The need for and nature of the loan. The need for and the possibility of a loan. The essence of the loan. The structure of the loan, its element. Credit transaction as an organizing element of the loan. Stage movement of credit.
Credit is an essential part of commodity-money relations. Cash savings and loan capital. The relationship of credit and money in the system of economic relations.
3. Functions and credit laws. Methodological basis of the analysis of the credit function. Feature redistributive function of the loan and replace functions. Laws of the loan. Theory of Credit and their evolution in economics.
4. The forms and types of credit. Classification of forms of credit, depending on the nature of the cost, the nature of the lender and the borrower, the nature of the target needs of the borrower. Banking form of credit and its features. Commercial credit, its evolution and characteristics. Features of state, international and consumer credit. Types of loans.
5. The main forms of international credit. International credit: the nature, functions, forms. International financial flows and world markets. The global credit market. Gold market.
6. The role of credit in the redistribution of resources management. The role of credit in the development and the smooth implementation of the processes of reproduction at the macro and micro level. The role of credit in the economical use of material and financial resources. The role of credit in the organization and regulation of money turnover.
7. Loan interest and its economic role. The essence and function of loan interest. Using the loan interest. Borders lending rate and the sources of its payment. The criteria for differentiating the level of interest rates. The role of loan interest in a market economy.
8. The forms of non-cash payments. Letter of credit. calculations by payment orders, requirements, calculations planned payments. Payments by check. Prospects for development of cashless payments.
9. cash turnover, and his organization. The concept of cash turnover. The scheme of cash flows in the economy. Principles of organization of cash turnover. The concept of the monetary system of the country. The genesis of the development of monetary systems.
10. Fundamentals of international monetary and settlement relations. Currency relations monetary system. Elements of the evolution of the world monetary system. Currency system of Russia. European Monetary System.
11. Characteristics of money as an economic category. The need for and preconditions of money. Types of money, especially their transformation. Theory of Money and their development in modern conditions.
12. The content, purpose and features of the functioning of money. Money in function Merya cost means of circulation, means of payment. Function means of accumulation. Types of cash savings. Money in the sphere of international economic turnover.
13. The role of money in the reproduction process. The role of money in the development of production and improve its efficiency. the role of money in the process of formation, distribution and redistribution of national income. The role of money in foreign economic relations.
14. Credit nature of modern mone

Additional information

Specialty 080105 "Financial Management"
Strategy and tactics of financial management. Simulation and technical analysis of financial markets. Financial management.
The financial environment of business and risks
1. Composition and characterization of the Financial Information Management.
The structure and content of the information set used by the financial manager of the enterprise. Form and content of the statutory financial statements: balance sheet, income statement, statement of cash flows, the annex to the balance sheet. Analysis of financial statements: key figures, horizontal, vertical, trend analysis. Design and analysis of the aggregated balance sheet and the aggregated profit and loss account. [2; 8; 10; 11; 12]
2. The solvency and financial stability of the company.
The concepts of solvency and financial stability of the company. The main indicators of the solvency, liquidity and financial stability. Balance ratio: the ratio of assets of varying degrees of liquidity and sources of financing. The concept of working capital of their role in maintaining the solvency of the company. The aspect ratio of debt to equity, the level of self-financing company. [2; 4; 8; 10; 11]
3. Management of enterprise profit.
Functions and types of income. Economic and accounting approaches to the determination of profit. The formation, distribution and use of income. The impact of accounting policy on the financial result. Methods for profit planning. [4; 8; 10]
4. Features of the financial management of the company.
Principles for the establishment and activities of the company. Equity capital, net assets, profits of the company. Securities Joint Stock Company. Strategic decisions on the reorganization AO: merger, acquisition, division, separation, transformation, liquidation. Synergy mergers and acquisitions. [6; 8; 10]
5. The essence and main stages of the development of the financial strategy of the company. The essence of the financial strategy, its place in the implementation of corporate strategy. Key areas of strategic financial planning: the formation and distribution of financial resources, financial security (stability), improving the quality of financial management. The main stages of development and implementation of financial strategies. [5; 6; 11]
6. Methods of strategic financial analysis.
Analysis of factors external and internal environment: SWOT-analysis, SNW-analysis. Construction and use of a matrix of strategic financial positions. The system of primary and secondary goals of the strategic financial development. [5; 6]
7. Managing return on assets and equity.
Profitability as an indicator of the effectiveness of management. Formation of the return on sales. Forming Asset Turnover Ratios. Return on equity. Driving factor analysis by Dupont. Reinvestment rate and growth of the company. [4; 5; 6; 11]
8. The effect of financial leverage and its role in sustainable development policy loans
The essence of financial leverage. The impact of financial leverage on the return on equity. Calculation of the effect of financial leverage. Risk assessment of shareholders and borrowers of capital. The impact of financial leverage. Minimizing the risks of borrowing and maximization of return on equity. [1; 4; 5; 6; 12]
9. Managing the cost and capital structure of the company.
The basic concept of cost of capital. The weighted average and marginal price. A comparison of the weighted average cost of capital and return on net assets. Features of determining the cost of equity and debt financing sources of the company. The calculation of the optimal capital structure. The traditional theory of price and capital structure. The essence of the theory of Modigliani-Miller. [2; 4; 5; 6; 12]
10. Long-term funding companies through equity.
Internal sources: the ability to self-financing, depreciation and profit


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