Concepts of modern science test answers

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"Concepts of modern science", the number of questions - 125

Task 1.

Question 1. What is the science, which is a unified system of knowledge about nature as a unified whole?

psychology
philosophy
natural history
physics
Systems Theory

Question 2. Do you think that is the basis of differentiation of knowledge?

national isolation of scientists from different countries
specialization of knowledge
philosophical aspect (the difference in the views of scientists)
Use natural sciences apparatus of differential calculus developed by Newton
an integrated approach to solving global problems

Question 3. What is the process associated with the formation of complexes interacting natural sciences?

Scientific Revolution
Differentiation of knowledge
visualization
Integration of knowledge
abstraction

Question 4. What is the name of science at the interface of several traditional sciences and the resulting unification of research methods?

exact sciences
natural Sciences
social science
Interdisciplinary Science
engineering science

Question 5. What science can claim a special role in the natural sciences?

chemistry
biology
mathematics
physics
astronomy



Task 2.

Question 1: What is the concept determines the basis of everything in the teachings of philosophers Pythagoreans?

air
water
number
fire
atom

Question 2. What is the contribution made to the development of science Pythagorean school of thought?

has developed the doctrine of causality
developed a materialist approach to the study of nature
It has introduced into science the idea of \u200b\u200bthe existence of quantitative laws
developed atomistic representation
formed the heliocentric concept of the universe

Question 3: Who was the author of the poem "On the Nature of Things", sets out the basic ideas of the ancient atomic theory?

Democritus
Epicurus
Pythagoras
Lucretius Carus
Nero

Question 4: What is the theory of nature into a single undifferentiated science - Greek philosophy, characterized by the direct contemplation of the world as a whole and speculative conclusions?

astrology
natural philosophy
alchemy
cosmology
psychology

Question 5. Which of the following ancient Greek philosophers made the main contribution to the logical design of natural philosophy in the IV. BC. ?

Aristotle
Sophocles
Archimedes
Euclid
Socrates

Task 3.

Question 1. What is the area of \u200b\u200bknowledge gained through the teachings of the independent development of the equilibrium of bodies of Archimedes?

statics
acoustics
optics
thermodynamics
chemistry

Question 2. What is scholasticism?

science of nature
religious-idealist philosophy
Practical activities
religion
materialist philosophy

Question 3. Which of the philosophers criticized in the XIII century. scholasticism and delivered a program of reform of science?

Geron
Vitruvius
Newton
Kepler
Bacon

Question 4. How many planets in the solar system was known at the time of the creation of the Copernican heliocentric system of the universe?

four
five
six
three
seven

Question 5. Which of the following scientific achievements belong to Galileo?

creation of the theory of the lever
discovery of the laws of planetary motion
Development of research on the nature of the experimental method
the establishment of the doctrine of equilibrium of bodies
measurement of the distance from the Earth to the Moon

Task 4.

Question 1. What is the basis of the concept of the scientific method of Francis Bacon?

deduction
model
system
induction
contemplation

Question 2. What scientist XVII. It created a unified scientific and philosophical system based on

Additional information

Question 4. Who are the scientists of the XVIII century. He engaged in research of electrical phenomena in the tissues of animals?

Gibbs
Boltzmann
Gilbert
Galvani
Clausius

Question 5. What is the source of long-term DC, invented in 1800?

electromagnetic generator
"Voltaic pile"
"Terrell"
"Thunder machine"
Wilson cloud chamber

Task 5.

Question 1. Which of the principles of natural science was first formulated by Galileo?

the principle of subsidiarity
The principle of equivalence
the principle of relativity
the principle of the constancy of the speed of light
principle of symmetry

Question 2. What is the meaning invariance?

invariance of physical quantities in the transition from one frame to another
property of electric charges in the region to interact
the proportionality of force and acceleration
the equality of action and reaction
dependence of the velocity of propagation of electromagnetic waves from the properties of the medium

Question 3. What is included in classical Newtonian mechanics?

the question of the expansion of the universe
solve the problem of the motion of bodies at velocities close to the speed of light
Description of light waves
the wording of the three laws of mechanics
consideration of the nature of fundamental interactions in nature

Question 4. Who discovered the laws of planetary motion?

Kepler
Galileo
Copernicus
Archimedes
Newton

Question 5: What is the law expresses the common property of all bodies attract each other with a force proportional to the product of the mass of bodies and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them?

the law of inertia
the law of action and reaction
the law of gravity
the law of free fall of bodies
the law of conservation of momentum

Task 6.

Question 1. What phenomena associated with changes in temperature bodies or bodies transition from one state (e.g., liquid) to another (solid or gaseous)?

acoustic phenomena
electromagnetic phenomena
mechanical phenomena
thermal phenomena
optical phenomena

Question 2. What is caloric?

electromagnetic field
chemical element
hypothetical weightless liquid
set of molecules
collection of atoms

Question 3. Which of the following scientists gave the quantitative formulation of the law of conservation of energy?

R. Meyer
M. Lomonosov
Lavoisier
Boltzmann
W. Thomson

Question 4. How is called the law of conservation of energy in thermodynamics?

the principle of entropy increase
first beginning
second start
the correspondence principle
the principle of inertia

Question 5. What is the sensational conclusion that accompanied the development of the basics of thermodynamics in the propagation of her second start in the entire universe?

expansion of the universe
heat death of the universe
Big Bang
Big Cotton
the recession of galaxies

Task 7.

Question 1. What is the scientific work includes a first systematization of electrical and magnetic phenomena?

"General Theory of Terrestrial Magnetism" Gauss
Galvani's treatise "On the strength of electricity during muscle movements"
"On the magnet, magnetic bodies and the great Earth magnet" Hilbert
"Treatise on Electricity" Maxwell
"Experimental Researches in Electricity" Faraday

Question 2: Which of the following factors underlies the theory of electricity and magnetism Hilbert?

the discovery of galvanic electricity
the recognition of electrical and magnetic phenomena
theory of electromagnetism
recognition of the existence of electromagnetic waves
the discovery of electromagnetic induction
etc.

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