1. 3. Tariff escalation - is:
a) The increase in the weighted average import tariff on deepening the country's international trade;
b) improvement of customs taxation of goods as the degree of processing;
c) list of tax rates, in ascending order;
d) the constant improvement of mutual tariff rates of the two countries entered into a trade war with each other;
d) all of the answers are wrong.
2. 2. The difference between the theory of comparative advantage of the theory of absolute advantage in that:
a) first proved profitable trade even among comparable countries in terms of development;
b) The first applies only to developed countries, and the second to all countries;
c) the first not received such wide recognition as the second;
d) the second was scientifically untenable;
d) there is no right answer.
3. If 2 120 million in Russia. Employees and 200 million. Hectares of land, and in Vietnam - 90 million. Employees and 30 million. Hectares of land, in what will be the ratio of trade between the two countries:
a) Russia is exporting labor-intensive products, and Vietnam - zemleemkie;
b) Russian exports and labor-intensive goods and zemleemkie and Vietnam - only time-consuming;
c) Russian exports zemleemkie and the Vietnam labor-intensive goods;
d) Only Russian imports, while Vietnam exports both types of goods.
d) trade will be absent.
4. 6. hidden forms of trade protectionism are:
a) import subsidies;
b) export credits;
c) the preferential tax treatment of exporters;
d) all of the above;
d) none of the above.
5. 2. The conditions of the previous problem. Suppose that establish trade relations and a unified price of 1 = 4 tank cars. How to change the structure of production in the two countries? Specify new points S'i and Si, which turn out to be beneficial for both Russia and the VM (it is assumed that countries trade not only with each other but can sell surplus produce to third countries):
a) Russia S1, BM S3; b) Russian S2, S2 BM
c) Russian S3, VM S2; d) Russia S2, S3 VM
e) Russia S2, S1 BM
6. 4. Introduction unban country customs tariff on the import of:
a) always worsen consumer welfare in this country;
b) always brings additional benefit to producers of import-substituting products;
c) always brings additional revenue to the state;
d) all the above answers are correct;
d) all the above answers are correct but the answer a).
7. 6. Quoting different customs tariff that:
a) always reduces import quotas and customs tariffs are not always;
b) quotas always leads to an increase in state revenue and customs tariffs are not always;
c) quotas always leads to a reduction in consumer rents and customs tariffs are not always;
d) quotas always increases the incomes of producers of import-substituting products and custom duties are not always;
d) quotas are always accompanied by the growth rate of the national currency, the customs tariff is not always the case.
8. 10 The slower growth in the money supply in Japan compared to Germany will lead to:
a) Impairment of the Japanese yen compared with the German mark;
b) depreciation of the German mark versus the yen;
c) an increase in the trade surplus of Japan and Germany;
d) increase in inflation in Japan.
d) the aggravation of trade conflicts between the two countries.
9. 3. To explain the rapid growth of trade between the developed countries than between them and developing, should resort to:
a) The theory of the product life cycle;
b) the theory of economies of scale;
c) the Leontief paradox;
d) there is no right answer.
10 10. Find the wrong statement:
a) a country where interest rates are rising more slowly than in other countries can count on the fact that the exchange rate of its currency will fall;
b) the country, economical