Ecology - EC varaint 2

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Task 1.
Question 1. For the first time the term and gave a general definition of ecology:
1. Ernst Haeckel;
2. Charles Darwin;
3. E. Suess;
4. Vernadsky;
5. J. Lamarck.
Question 2. Geoecology is divided into:
1. Terrestrial Ecology;
2. ecology of fresh water;
3. The ecology of the sea;
4. ecology highlands;
5. All of the above.
Question 3. What is included in the biosphere?
1. living society;
2. Nutrients;
3. bioinert substance;
4. All of the above;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 4. Living matter - is:
1. plants, animals, micro-organisms;
2. peat;
3. Coal;
4. Oil;
5. soil.
Question 5. What is meant by nutrient?
1. turf;
2. hard coal;
3. Oil;
4. All of the above;
5. soil.

Task 2.
Question 1: Where is the manifestation of the geological processes in the Earth's crust?
1. in the volcanic eruptions;
2. in earthquakes;
3. The motions in the Earth's crust;
4. in mountain building;
5. All of the above.
Question 2. When there and formed the biosphere?
1. 1-2 billion. Years ago;
2. 2-3 billion. Years ago;
3. 10 thousand. Years ago;
4. 25 thousand. Years ago;
5. 40 thousand. Years ago.
Question 3. How many units of VI Vernadsky, the biosphere is the substance?
1. 2;
2. 3;
3. 4;
4. 5;
5 7.
Question 4. poikilothermic organisms include:
1. plants;
2. invertebrates;
3. fish;
4. reptiles;
5. All of the above.
Question 5. heterothermal animals - is:
1. ground squirrels, marmots;
2. hedgehogs, badgers;
3. Bears;
4. bats;
5. All of the above.

Task 3.
Question 1. What habitat is there in the world?
1. Water;
2. Air-ground;
3. soil;
4. formed by living organisms;
5. All of the above.
Question 2. Who has formulated the law of the minimum?
1. Charles Bates;
2. F. Muller;
3. J. von Liebig;
4. V. Shelford;
5. Yu Odum.
Question 3. What are the main characteristics of the population?
1. The number, density;
2. The fertility, mortality;
3. The growth of individuals;
4. The rate of growth;
5. All of the above.
Question 4. In the life cycle of plants emit;
1. The two periods;
2. The three periods;
3. The period of four;
4. five periods;
5. six periods.
Question 5. What is the period in the life cycle of isolated plants?
1. The period of rest;
2. vegetative;
3. generative;
4. senile;
5. All of the above.

Task 4.
Question 1. Who coined the term "biocenosis"?
1. K. Moebius;
2. A. Tensli;
3. VI Vernadsky;
4. Haeckel;
5. Yu Odum.
Question 2: What characterizes an inorganic substrate?
1. The amount of solar radiation;
2. temperature;
3. The moisture content;
4. The physical and chemical properties of soils;
5. All of the above.
Question 3: Who coined the term "ecosystem"?
1. K. Moebius;
2. A. Tensli;
3. Vernadsky;
4. Haeckel;
5. Yu Odum.
Question 4. What are the ecosystem?
1. microecosystem;
2. mezozkosistema;
3. makroekosistema;
4. global ecosystem;
5. All of the above.
Question 5. Terrestrial ecosystems - is:
1. Tundra;
2. taiga;
3. steppe;
4. Desert;
5. All of the above.

Task 5.
Question 1. Freshwater ecosystems - is:
1. lakes, ponds;
2. Reservoir;
3 rivers, streams;
4. swamp;
5. All of the above.
Question 2. Marine ecosystems - is:
1. the open ocean;
2. The water of the continental shelf;
3. Areas of upwelling;
4. estuaries;
5. All of the above.
Question 3. What landscape zones are there?
1. tundra;
2. taiga;
3. desert;
4. steppe;
5. All of the above.
Question 4. anthropogenic landscapes - is:
1. Urban;
2. Agriculture;
3. industry;
4. All of the above;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 5. What are the different forms of succession?
1. Phytogenic;
2. zoogennnaya;
3

Additional information

answers to 18 zadanyi 5 test questions

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