Economic theory Practical exercises Code ET-93 RIU

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Compilation of case studies

on the subject of "Economic theory" code (ET-93)

Task 1

The opportunity cost of production of 1 ton of corn production in the US is 0.2 tonnes of wheat at a maximum wheat production of 100 million. M. For Canada, the opportunity cost of production of 1 ton of wheat is 2 tons of corn at the maximum possible production of 50 million of corn. M.

How will the aggregate production possibility curve of the two states for the production of maize and wheat?

Task 2

The Bank has received from the depositors 5000 den. U .. The rate of allowance is 12%. Bank pays its depositors 4% per annum. By what percentage the bank will loan the company if he intends to make a profit of $ 240 den. u?

Activity 3

A public servant who receives at the end of the year after all deductions (including income tax) 25 thousand. $. a year in the new year decided to open his own shop. His start-up capital is 50 thousand. $. He expects to receive revenues of 300 thousand. $.

For this project it is necessary:

• at the beginning of the year to pay the rent in the amount of 40 thousand. $. the shop for the year ahead;

• at the beginning of the year to perform repair work in rented premises $ 20 thousand. $;

• hire three workers paying 15 thousand. $. each year, the 5 th. $. pay at the beginning of the year as an advance, and the remaining 10 thousand. $. pay at the end of the year from the proceeds;

• to take the bank to cover the costs the missing sum of money for one year;

• leave of public sector employees and to concentrate on business.

Other expenses had not. Bank interest on deposits is equal to 8%, and on loans - 16%.

Determine the value of the financial and economic profit for the year (in thousands. $.), Excluding income tax.

Task 4

Accountant reporting your firm lost costs of the firm. He could recall only a few numbers. And for you to forecast your business needs and other data. Can you restore them?

Make the necessary calculations and fill in the table.

Additional information

Task 5
The company that manufactures the product in the unit price equal to $ 25., Employs workers in a competitive labor market. The dependence of the average monthly product of labor (labor productivity per employee) of the number of employed workers shown in the following table:

Number of employees, L

How many employees will hire the firm that seeks to maximize its profits, if the monthly rate of pay is $ 600.?

Task 6

Fill in the table.

The economy is characterized by the following macroeconomic indicators:

Income owners

Individual taxes

Corporate profit

Task 7

Fill in the table.

The economy is characterized by the following macroeconomic indicators (million people.).

The total population?
Task 8

You are going to give their money in debt and want to really get 7% per annum. The expected inflation rate of 150%. What is the nominal rate of interest you will have to assign?

You offer to take the credit, but you're going to really pay no more than 6% per annum. The nominal interest rate is 210% and the expected inflation rate of 200%. What do you do?

You provide a loan of 1 thousand. USD. A year, hoping to actually get 7.5% per annum, and the expectation that inflation will be 60%. However, in reality, the inflation rate was 70%. What is the real income you received? What are your losses?

Task 9

Real GDP is 2,000 billion. USD., And money supply 100 billion. Dollars. The central bank increases the money supply to 500 bln. Dollars. Determine the value of real GDP: a) if the price level and the velocity of money is constant;

6) if the level of price increase by 3 times, and the velocity of money by 1.5 times.

Task 10

Deposits of the bank amounted to 200 thousand. Dollars. The actual bank reserves amount to 100 thousand. USD. The required reserves ratio is 20%. What are the bank's lending capacity? What is the value of excess reserves? What are the possibilities of the banking system increased further supply of money?


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