Economy 6 jobs Fedor decided to open their own affairs

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Economy 6 jobs Fedor decided to open their own affairs

Question 1.
Please read the following scenario.
Fedor decided to start their own business - a small enterprise for the production of soft toys.
Back in March, the purchase of equipment for the production of toys, among other things, Fyodor bought the machine for cutting foam, used as a filler for soft toys. This machine cost 10,000 rubles. The instructions for using the machine it was said that with proper operation of the service life of the machine - 3 years (when the machine is not working more than 12 hours a day).
Now the machine is operating 4 hours a day. This is due to the fact that an employee will have nowhere to put filler produced over a longer period of time of the machine.
The filler is produced for 4 hours the machine lasts an average of 50 small - or 10 large toys.
Who toys sew 2 workers. Each receives a salary of 4,000 rubles. per month. One worker - Sidorova AV - manages the day to sew 20 small and 4 big toys. The second worker - Gromov EP - Manages the day to sew 10 small and 5 large toys.
Although Sidorova is faster, quality toys, sewn by her, much worse than the quality of toys, sewn Thunder.
Help Fyodor understand the following issues:
1. Calculate the ratio of the extensive use of the machine for cutting foam.
• What is the moral and physical depreciation of fixed assets? Do you think that at this rate of use of the machine, whichever comes first - the moral or physical deterioration. What are the prospects for the company are waiting for Fedor, if he decides to use the machine to the physical wear and tear?
2. What do you advise to be taken to improve the use of Fedor machine?
3. Describe the basic forms and systems of remuneration. What kind of pay system do you recommend to introduce Fedor on his enterprise. Justify your answer. Displacement answer to this question is - at least 300 words.
Question 2.
In connection with the expansion of production Fedor increased and costs. He had heard that there are different types of costs, some permanent, some variables; some included in the cost, but some do not. He showed you a list of expenses for June:
Name of costs Amount (RUR).
Tenancy 500
The salary of female workers (4,000 each) 8000
Salary Fyodor 5000
Foam 200
Fabric and thread 2000
Accessories 500
Utility payments 200
Depreciation 500
Communication 100
Services 500
TOTAL: 17500

1. Explain what the cost, on what grounds they are classified? Explain a specific example, why it is important to share the cost of fixed and variable, etc.
2. Decide which of the costs listed in the table are permanent and which - variables. Why do you think so?
3. Which of the costs in the table, can be attributed to the direct and indirect any? Why is that?
The volume of the answer to this question - not less than 250 words.
Question 3.
Describe in your own words the model of "aggregate demand - aggregate supply." Give examples of factors influencing aggregate demand and aggregate supply in Russia.
Question 4.
Do you agree with the fact that the economic situation in Russia can be called "supply-side economics." Give your arguments. At what interval the aggregate supply curve is Russia now?
Question 5.
What is inflation? What do you think, what type and kind of inflation experienced in the Russian 199tyh years? What forms of struggle against inflation taken? Give examples.
Question 6.
Why, in your opinion, the investment in the Russian economy today are so small? What actions of the Russian government could lead to corrective action?

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