English (From the History of Water Supply)

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Uploaded: 02.05.2014
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1. Rewrite the following sentences, underline them predicate verb and determine its shape and vidovremennyh bail. Turn suggestions on the Russian language. (Sample №4)
1. You are always waited for.
2. Much has been obtained through this new method.
3. Speak in a lower voice. We are being listened too.
4. The letter was answered at once.

2.Perepishite following proposals, convert them, paying attention to the different meanings of the words it, that, one.
1. It is necessary for an engineer to know fundamentals of engineering.
2. The first thing that has to be done is selecting the site.
3. One must be careful when crossing the road.

3. Rewrite the proposals translate them, paying attention to the different meanings of verbs to be, to have, to do.
1. You would not have missed the bus if you had left home earlier.
2. The main task is to solve the pollution problem.
3. "Do come to my birthday party", she said.

4. Rewrite the following sentences. Move them, paying attention to the absence of unions in subordinate clauses.
1. She said she was going to the university.
2. The figures the speaker mentioned in his report were published in the latest scientific journal.

5. Rewrite the sentences and translate paying attention to the function of the infinitive.
1. The first step was to make good roads.
2. He was the first to start making this experiment.
3. To explain the problem the engineer used some diagrams.
4. Nothing could make him change his decision.

6. Read and orally translate the entire text. Rewrite and translate the writing paragraphs 1.2
From the History of Water Supply
1. Good water for drinking purposes has doubtless been appreciated by the human race from time immemorial. Among primitive peoples the question of water supply was never of pressing importance, except arid and semi-arid regions. In these latter countries provision for securing and storing a supply of water was usually necessary. Consequently, springs were sought for, wells were dug and cisterns constructed in order that a supply of water might all the time be available. Wells were common in ancient Egypt, Greece, Assyria, Persia and India, and from the sanitary point of view they probably furnished a safer drinking water than could be obtained from the surface waters in the rivers and lakes.
2. As population became denser and people began to congregate in cities, the need for larger volumes became urgent. Works for collection, storage and conveyance of water were built for supplying many of the ancient cities. Probably no ancient city was provided with more elaborate system of public water supply than Rome. Water the Romans used for public baths and for watering streets was the least clear and most loaded with sand; the clearer water served tanks, fountains and washing troughs while the best was used for drinking purposes.
3. Long after man had found ways and means to organize water supplies, find them where they were hidden and lead them to where he wanted them, streams and pools in natural state have served as communal water supplies, even in more or less civilized Europe .
4. Until 1183 AD Paris obtained its entire supply of water from the river Seine. As late as 1550, Paris used only 1 qt. of water per capita per day. With such small amounts of water being used one can easily imagine what the sanitary conditions must have been.

7. Rewrite the following statements. Determine which ones correspond to the text and which are not. Instead write correct sentences "True" (true).
1. In 1550 Paris used very small amounts of water.
2. After finding ways and means to organize water supplies people did not use streams and pools as communal water supplies.
3. The Romans used very clear water for public baths.


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