English, Option 3 (A heat engine)

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Uploaded: 03.09.2014
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Вариант № 3
I. Заполните пропуск. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
Задание № 1
I can’t go to the history lecture next Tuesday, could you pick up an extra copy of the …?
a) options
b) handouts
c) qualifications
d) tuition fees
Задание № 2
We´ve got a meeting in 10 minutes. Do I have to ________? — Yes, you do.
a) atone
b) attain
c) attend
d) attract
Задание № 3
He asked the student to _______ the unit of resistance more accurately.
a) amplify
b) respond
c) control
d) define
Задание № 4
The branch of science concerned with the forces that occur between electrically charged particles is …
a) аn electric current
b) voltage drop
c) electromagnetism
d) electromotive force
Задание № 5
I wish I didn’t have to work tomorrow, but ________ I do.
a) fortunately
b) fortune
c) fortunate
d) unfortunately
Задание № 6
She’s always been the best in everything, _______ isn’t surprising if you know her family.
a) whom
b) her
c) which
d) what
Задание № 7
The younger you are, __________ it is to learn.
a) the easiest
b) more easier
c) easyer
d) the easier
Задание № 8
To tell ________truth, I didn´t expect to see him.
a) a
b) the
c) an
d) −
Задание № 9
Please buy some fruit _______ the way home.
a) to
b) at
c) in
d) on
Задание № 10
Always keep your goals in mind ______ you start a new activity.
a) while
b) as long as
c) as
d) although
Задание № 11
When I saw the girl I was sure I _______ her before.
a) have met
b) had met
c) met
d) meet
Задание № 12
David is at our London office today, ______ some visitors from abroad.
a) met
b) to meet
c) meeting
d) having met
Задание № 13
James Watt´s work helped to ________ the industrial revolution in Britain.
a) bring over
b) bring about
c) bring through
d) bring out
Задание № 14
Everybody will ________ work hard if they want to pass exams.
a) have to
b) be allowed to
c) have
d) be to

II. Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую ситуации общения
Задание № 15
Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую ситуации общения
Susan: «Hi, Mary. How’s life? »
Mary: «_______________».
a) Thanks, nice to see you.
b) Fine, thanks. And you?
c) Very well, thank you. What about you?
d) How do you do?
Задание № 16
Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую ситуации общения
Partner1: «I plan to go to London for three days. There will be an exhibition. Will you join me?»
Partner2: «________________»
a) I wish I could, pal, but no.
b) I can’t.
c) I’m afraid I can’t go this week.
d) Why should I?
Задание № 17
Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую ситуации общения
Teacher: «I would advise you to use these Internet sources».
Student: «_______________»
a) You are so intelligent!
b) You are a teacher. You seem to know better.
c) It goes without saying.
d) Certainly. I’ll study them as soon as possible.
Задание № 18
Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую ситуации общения
Usher: «_________________»
Customer: «Here it is».
a) I can’t see your ticket.
b) Where is your ticket?
c) Do you have a ticket?
d) May I see your ticket?

III. Заполните пропуск. Выберите правильный вариант ответа
Задание № 19
The national holiday which takes place each year on the official birthday of Queen Elizabeth II marked by a military parade and march-past is called …
a) St. George´s Day.
b) St. Patrick´s Day.
c) Trooping of the Colour.
d) Remembrance Day.
Задание № 20
Thanksgiving Day is celebrated in the USA in …
a) May.
b) July.
c) November.
d) August.
Задание № 21
The floral symbol of Canada is the …
a) trefoil.
b) rose.
c) thistle.
d) maple leaf.
Задание № 22
An American director and producer known for his sci-fi saga Star Wars is …
a) Walt Disney
b) James Cameron
c) Ridley Scott
d) George Lucas

Additional information

IV. Прочитайте и переведите на русский язык текст. Выполните задания после текста.
A heat engine
1. In thermodynamics, a heat engine is a system that performs the conversion of heat or thermal energy to mechanical work. It does this by bringing a working substance from a high temperature state to a lower temperature state. A heat «source» generates thermal energy that brings the working substance in the high temperature state. The working substance generates work in the «working body» of the engine while transferring heat to the colder «sink» until it reaches a low temperature state. During this process some of the thermal energy is converted into work by exploiting the properties of the working substance. The working substance can be any system with a non-zero heat capacity, but it usually is a gas or liquid.
2. In general an engine converts energy to mechanical work. Heat engines distinguish themselves from other types of engines by the fact that their efficiency is fundamentally limited by Carnot´s theorem. Although this efficiency limitation can be a drawback, an advantage of heat engines is that most forms of energy can be easily converted to heat by processes like exothermic reactions (such as combustion), absorption of light or energetic particles, friction, dissipation and resistance. Since the heat source that supplies thermal energy to the engine can thus be powered by virtually any kind of energy, heat engines are very versatile and have a wide range of applicability.
3. Heat engines are often confused with the cycles they attempt to mimic. Typically when describing the physical device the term «engine» is used. When describing the model the term «cycle» is used.
Задание № 23
Содержанию текста соответствует утверждение …
a) In a heat engine mechanical work is performed by a working substance
temperature decrease.
b) The conversion of the thermal energy into work depends on heat insulation of the «working body».
c) Due to their particular construction heat engines find a wide use in human activities.
d) In a heat engine a substance in a single state can be used as the working
Задание № 24
Ответьте на вопрос:
What constant property should the working substance possess in a heat engine?
Задание № 25
Завершите утверждение согласно содержанию текста.
The disadvantage of heat engines is in …
Задание № 26
Основной идеей текста является …
Задание № 27
Расположите части делового письма в правильном порядке.
 The British Engineering Co.
12 City New Road
London, E.C.I.
 Thank you for your inquiry about our telephone answering machines
and voice mail systems. I am enclosing brochures on our products. A sales representative will be in London next week. We will call you to schedule an appointment.
 Charles Lyons
General Television Services
1201 East Grand Avenue
Chicago, Illinois 60611
 Dear Mr. Lyons,
 John Bonds
Marketing Manager
 December 16, 2009
 Sincerely yours,
Задание № 28
Перед Вами конверт.
Соотнесите информацию под определенным номером на конверте с тем, что она обозначает.
(1) Horizons Books, Inc.
(2) 24 Harrison Road
Cleaveland, Ohaio 36879
(4) Victor Sharp. Personnel Manager
Eamst & Young
(5) 23 Rochelle Avenue
Dallas, Texas (6)14336
Задание № 29
Определите, к какому виду делового документа относится представленный ниже отрывок.
With reference to your advertisement in yesterday´s «New York Times», could you please send me a copy of your latest catalogue. I would also like to know if it is possible to make purchases online...

Задание № 30
Выберите слова или словосочетания для заполнения пропусков так, чтобы они отражали особенности оформления служебной записки:
То : Anita Dodge, (1) __________
(2) _________ : Jonathan Fitzgerald, Market Research Assistant
Date : 23 September
Subject : (3) ___________
Through market research and analysis, it has been discove


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