English ver 5 (EDINBURGH)

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Option 5
I. 1. Read the text and answer the following questions:
1. What is Edinburgh famous for?
2. What is the most interesting building in Edinburgh?
EDINBURGH
1. Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland, is not the largest city in Scotland. Glasgow, which has a population of over one million, is twice as large as Edinburgh.
2. Even so, Edinburgh remains the centre of the life of Scotland. Here are the administrative centres of the Navy, the Army, and the Air Force, the chief banks and offices; and the famous university.
3. Edinburgh, unlike Glasgow, has no large factories. Publishing is its well-known industry. It has been famous for its printers since the early years of the sixteenth century, when the first Scottish printing-press was set up within its walls. The publishing of books is today a very important industry.
4. Edinburgh is a beautiful city. The first thing you see in Edinburgh is Edinburgh Castle standing on the Rock - the very large hill in the middle of the city. From the top of the Castle there is a beautiful view of the hill and the sea.
5. Edinburgh is famous for many things: its festivals (plays and music), its college of medicine, its museums and libraries, and for its writers.

2. Put in writing the paragraphs 2 and 4.
3. a) What are the number of the paragraph in which Participle I (Communion I) is the definition. Write down the proposal and put it into Russian.
b) What are the functions of eating participle I in the following sentences? Turn suggestions on the Russian language.
1. People living in Scotland are Scots.
2. Being not the largest city in Scotland Edinburgh remains the centre of life of Scotland.
3. Edinburgh Castle standing on the Rock attracts tourists' attention.

4. Name the number of proposals predicate verb which stands in the Present Continuous Tense (present for a long time), and set it in Russian:
1. Many people visit Edinburgh Castle every year.
2. They are visiting Edinburgh Castle now.
3. We met our friends when they were visiting Edinburgh Castle.

5. Name the number of offers in which Participle II (participle II) is defined and set it in Russian:
1. They have lived in Edinburgh since 1995.
2. It has been famous for its printers since the early years of the sixteenth century, when the first Scottish printing-press was set up within its walls.
3. Publishing founded in the sixteenth century is well-known industry of Edinburgh.

6. Name the number of proposals predicate verb which stands in the Present Perfect Tense (present perfect tense) and translate it in Russian:
1. Many people visited Edinburgh Castle last year.
2. A group of tourists has just visited Edinburgh Castle.
3. Thousands of people visit Edinburgh Castle every year.

7. What are the number of proposals, the proposal of the Russian equivalent to this:
I had never been to Edinburgh.
1. I did not go to Edinburgh last year.
2. I have never been to Edinburgh.
3. I was not in Edinburgh when it happened.

8. Fill in the blanks in the corresponding adjective degrees of comparison:
1. Glasgow is (large, larger, the largest) than Edinburgh.
2. Publishing is (important, more important, the most important) industry in Edinburgh.
3. Edinburgh Castle is one of (interesting, more interesting, the most interesting) sight of Edinburgh.

II. 1. Read the text and answer the following questions:
1. In what country did Charles Darwin live and work?
2. What is he famous for?
CHARLES DARWIN1. Charles Darwin was born at Sh

Additional information

1. Charles Darwin was born at Shrewsbury in 1809. As a boy Darwin loved to walk in the countryside, collecting insects, flowers and minerals.
2. His father, a doctor, sent Charles to Edinburgh University to study medicine. Then his father sent him to Cambridge to be trained as a parson. But Darwin wanted to be a biologist.
3. In 1831 he set sail in the Beagle for South America to make maps of the coastline there. On his voyage round the world Darwin looked carefully at living things in the sea and on land and came to very important conclusions.
4. This is what he came to believe. Once there was only simple jelly-like thing living in the sea. Very slowly, taking hundreds millions of years, these have developed to produce all the different kinds of animals and plants we know today. But Darwin waited over twenty years before he let the world know his great ideas. During that time he was carefully collecting more information. It showed how right he was that all living things had developed from simpler creatures.
5. He wrote a famous book "The Origin of Species".

2. Put in writing the paragraphs 3.4.

3. Fill in the blanks corresponding to the active or passive form of the verb and put the proposal on the Russian language:
1. A hundred years ago people thought that all the different sorts of living things (were put, put) in this world by some mysterious power a few thousand years ago.
2. Much information (was collected, collected) by Darwin during that time.
3. These hobbies (were interested, interested) him much more than Greek and Latin.

4. Turn suggestions on the Russian language, paying attention to the infinitive Turnover:
1. His father wanted him to become a doctor.
2. He is believed to be a very talented person.
3. Darwin is considered to be a great scientist.

5. Determine the function of the infinitive and translate the proposals into Russian:
1. As a boy Darwin loved to walk in the countryside, collecting insects, flowers and minerals.
2. Darwin went in the ship to see the animals and plants of other lands.
3. The experiment to be carried out in the laboratory is very necessary.

6. Put the verb-predicate proposals Past Simple Tense (past simple time), using modal verbs can, may, must and cash equivalents:
1. He may be in the garden, collecting flowers.
2. I can do this experiment myself.
3. You must study biology at the university.

7. Fill in the blanks indefinite pronoun some, any, no:
1. The students carry out (some, any, no) experiments in our laboratories.
2. Do you know (some, any, no) facts from Darwin's biography?
3. Darwin had (some, any, no) desire to study the medicine.

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