Environmental Test 110 questions with answers

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Environmental Test 110 questions with answers
TASK №1
Question № 1. Environmental identity, ecology culture etnoekologiya include:
1) to the general ecology;
2) to the social ecology;
3) to Applied Ecology;
4) to synecology;
5) to the Anthropology.

Question № 2. autecology studies:
1) animals and ecology of organisms;
2) the possibility of modeling biological processes;
3) the adaptation of organisms to different geographical environment;
4) the ecology of populations;
5) mechanisms of adaptation to changing environmental conditions.

Question № 3. Industrial Ecology - is one of the areas:
1) Applied Ecology;
2) geo-ecology;
3) population ecology;
4) Anthropology;
5) autecology.

Question № 4. The term "ecology" suggested:
1) Aristotle;
2) Ernst Haeckel;
3) Charles Darwin;
4) VI Vernadsky;
5) J. Lamarck.

Question № 5. Ecology - the science that studies:
1) the impact of pollution on the environment;
2) the effects of pollution on human health;
3) the impact of human activity on the environment;
4) relationships of organisms with their environment habitat (including the variety of relationships with other organisms and communities);
5) the collection of natural-natural features of the existence of organisms.

JOB №2

Question № 1. The most significant feature is the biosphere:
1) biogenic migration of atoms of chemical elements, called the radiant energy of the sun and is manifested in the process of metabolism, growth and reproduction of organisms;
2) the ability to operate endlessly without sharp changes in the structure and functions;
3) balance of natural or modified human habitat-forming components and natural processes that lead to the continued existence of the ecosystem;
4) the ability to regenerate and self-regulate;
5) a combination of the natural habitat-forming components and impacts.

Question № 2. Stage of development of the biosphere as a reasonable human activity becomes the main (determining) factor in the development of our planet, is called:
1) technosphere;
2) anthroposphere;
3) the noosphere;
4) sociosphere;
5) the troposphere.

Question № 3. Which of the definition corresponds to the notion of "biosphere":
1) The original shell of the Earth comprising the totality of living organisms and the part of the substance of the planet, which is in continuous exchange with these organisms;
2) expressed in units of mass or energy amount of living matter of particular organisms per unit area;
3) environment created or modified organisms community;
4) concentric layers covering the entire planet smaller geochemical and historical and evolutionary differences than geological shell of the planet;
5) natural complex, arising from the interaction layer, the lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere.

Question № 4. Living matter - is:
1) the collection and biomass of organisms in the biosphere;
2) "The scope of reason," the highest stage of development of the biosphere;
3) the collection biogeocenosis the Earth's surface;
4) individuals living together on some space;
5) a set of conditions for the existence of human society.

Question № 5. Which of the definition corresponds to the notion "bioinert substance"?
1) material formed simultaneously stagnant processes and living organisms;
2) individuals of the same species living within a biogeocoenose;
3) the degree of endurance and their communities to the impacts of environmental factors;
4) a natural substance that occurs in the course of reaching spontaneous chemical reactions and physical processes, and of course included in the natural cycle of substances;
5) soil organic matter, which is formed by the decomposition of plant and animal residues and waste products of organisms.

JOB №3

Question № 1. The environment is generally

Additional information

Question № 2. What is the definition corresponds to the notion of "environmental factors":
1) components and the phenomena of inanimate, inorganic nature, directly or indirectly acting on living organisms;
2) natural bodies and phenomena, which the body is in direct or indirect relationship;
3) change in the habitat-forming components or a combination thereof, which can not be compensated in the course of natural recovery processes;
4) factors that have both direct and indirect effects on organisms;
5) the relationship between the species in which one species organisms live off the nutrients of other species.

Question № 3. Construction of the dam can be seen as examples of factors:
1) abiotic;
2) biotic;
3) human;
4) no environmental;
5) hydrobiont.

Question № 4. Anthropogenic factors - is:
1) forms of human activities that affect the natural environment, changing the habitat of living organisms;
2) the sum of the influences of life of some organisms on the livelihoods of others, as well as non-living environment;
3) the collection of natural-natural features of the existence of organisms and human impacts;
4) a group of factors, relating to both direct and indirect influence of living organisms on the environment;
5) the factors providing a high level of metabolism during the activity of the animals and low energy loss during hibernation.

Question № 5. Biotic environmental factors - is:
1) The sum of the influences of life of some organisms on the livelihoods of others, as well as non-living environment;
2) The physiological and ecological adaptations of organisms, providing a high level of metabolism during the activity of the animals and low energy loss during hibernation;
3) the ratio between the energy produced by the body from the outside, and its consumption in the building of the body and life processes;
4) environmental factors that have the greatest impact on the population and vital activity.
5) forces and phenomena of nature, the origin of which is not directly related to the activity of living organisms.

JOB №4

Question № 1. The curve tolerance is characterized by:
1) Velocity of a process according to one of the environmental factors;
2) reversible changes in ecosystems;
3) the ability to withstand the sharp fluctuations of the abiotic environment;
4) the ability of organisms and biotic communities make relatively large concentration of harmful substances;
5) a sharp quickening growth and maturation of individuals and an increase in their size.

Question № 2. body's ability to withstand the changing conditions of life called:
1) tolerance;
2) adaptation;
3) photosynthesis;
4) convergence;
5) morphological adaptation.

Question № 3. The organism is capable of living in different environments - this:
1) eurybionts;
2) stenobiont;
3) evriterm;
4) stenofag;
5) peterofag.

Question № 4. Adaptation - is:
Question № 5. Place the species in the ecosystem, defined by its biotic potential and a set of environmental factors to which it is adapted, is called:
JOB №5
Question № 1. The least number of population due to the action of factors:
Question № 2. population - is:

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