Foundations of Law test answers 60 questions

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Text control work
on the subject: "Fundamentals of law" 60 questions.

Task 1.

Question 1. The main features of the state are:

1. Availability of public authorities; territorial organization of the population, which suggests that state power is exercised within a defined territory and applies to all people living in this territory;
2. Taxes and loans, which provide state funds necessary for the maintenance of the state apparatus, to build roads, to provide schools, hospitals and other public needs;
3. Legislation, the symbols of the state;
4. State sovereignty;
5. All of the above.

Question 2. The external functions of the state are:

1. Development of economic policy, the creation of the necessary conditions for the development of the national economy;
2. Respect for and protection of human rights and freedoms, rule of law and law enforcement efforts to prevent inter-ethnic conflicts, refugee assistance;
3. National security, the development of mutually beneficial international cooperation, defense of national interests in international relations, participation in solving global problems;
4. Management of the state sector of the economy, taxation and tax collection;
5. State support of arts, the national culture; concern for the moral health of society.

Question 3. The functions performed by the state in the social sphere are:

1. National security, the development of mutually beneficial international cooperation;
2. Social protection of the most vulnerable populations; pensions; funding for health, education, roads, public transport, communications;
3. Respect for and protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens; respect for the rule of law; efforts to prevent inter-ethnic conflicts, refugee assistance;
4. State support of arts, the national culture; concern for the moral health of society;
5. Promoting competition, management of the state sector of the economy, taxation and tax collection.





Question 4: What are the elements characterize the form of the state?
1. Forms of government and political system, the political regime;
2. Only law defines society; the court must be independent of any influence of the state or public structures.
3. Separation of powers; the rule of law, the rule of law in the society;
4. The equality of all before the law; mutual responsibility of the citizen and the state;
5. The priority of human rights and freedoms in society; legitimacy in society.


Question 5: The federal government - is:

1. A single state, whose territory is divided into direct administrative and territorial units;
2. Complex, a federal state, which includes several states or state entities - members of the federation;
3. Association (union) states that retain their independence;
4. A democratic state, which ensures the rule of law, rule of law, equality of law and independent courts;
5. A State which recognizes and guarantees human rights and freedoms, and the basis for the organization of power based on the principle of separation of powers;

Task 2.

Question 1. The basic principles of the rule of law are:

1. The rule of law, the rule of law in the society;
2. Equality of all before the law and an independent judiciary;
3. The priority of human rights and freedoms in society; mutual responsibility of the citizen and the state;
4. Legitimacy of power in society, the separation of powers;
5. All of the above.

Question 2. How many of the philosophers was a supporter of the republican system, the state understood as the cause of the people, considered the main cause of the origin of the state innate need of people to live together?

1. Socrates;
2. Plato;
3. Cicero;

Additional information

Task 3.
Question 1. Full legal capacity of a citizen comes with:
16 years old;
2. 14 years;
3. 16;
4. 18;
5. 21 years.
Question 2. The Basic Law of the Russian Federation are:
1. The Constitution of the Russian Federation;
2. The Civil Code of the Russian Federation;
3. Criminal Code of the Russian Federation;
4. The Land Code of the Russian Federation;
5. Labor Code.
Question 3: Day of the Constitution of the Russian Federation shall be considered:
1. September 1, 1993 g .;
2. November 7, 1993 g .;
3. December 12, 1993 .;
4. December 25, 1993 g .;
5. December 31, 1993
Question 4. Citizenship of the Russian Federation may be acquired:
1. As a result of the recognition of Russian citizenship by birth;
2. By way of its registration;
3. By granting citizenship, as a result of the restoration of citizenship;
4. By selecting a change of nationality nationality;
5. All of the above.
Question 5. How many subjects of the Russian Federation are in the Russian Federation?
1. 48 subjects of the Federation;
2. 50 subjects of the Federation;
3. 67 subjects of the Federation;
4. 85 subjects of the Federation;
5. 89 federal subjects.

Task 4.
Question 1. The jurisdiction of the Russian Federation includes:
Question 2. The term of office of the President:
Question 3. The representative and legislative body of the Russian Federation is a party;
Question 4. What principles based activities of the judiciary?
Question 5. The powers of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation are?

Task 5.
Question 1. Which authority ensures the implementation of state policy in the sphere of justice?
Question 2: Which authority is obliged to detect and deter tax crimes, to conduct proceedings concerning tax crimes, detect and deter corruption in the tax authorities?
Question 3. Which law sets out the basic rules of civil law?

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