# Logic option 10

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1. In some cases, the law of sufficient reason?
Give examples.
2. Why is illogical following statements:
a) Above the columns waving colorful flags.
b) Nikolaev - a weak chess player, so he knows the theory of chess.
3. Locate a reasonable basis for the allegations:
a) This person is the investigator.
b) This bridge is a beautiful construction.
4.Enter a relationship in which the following statement is true, and relations in the co-toryh it is false:
"If the reader does not know the writer is to blame the writer, not the reader" (I. Ilf).
5. Pick the concept subordination data:
Strength. Ellipse. University. FIG. Deal.
Student. Constitution.
6. Check whether the specified kinds of relationships between concepts:
a) The concept, judgment - subordination.
b) the geometric shapes, geometric body - equality.
c) The right, the true - the intersection.
d) argument, the argument - equality.
7. Portions of the heroine of Shakespeare's comedy "The Merchant of Venice", there were four boxes of gold, silver, copper and lead. In one of the boxes she kept his portrait. Pre-set that Portia head fancied choose a husband not virtues, but in understanding.
A fan will have the right to call Portia his bride, will indicate if the box with a portrait. On the cover of each box was made, which is to help find a box with a portrait. Assume that Portia ordered to make the following inscription:
On gold: "Portrait in the box."
In silver, "not in this portrait of a casket."
In copper, "Portrait no silver box."
His fan Portia explained that all the inscriptions on the caskets are false.
What box, select the fan portion?
8. What is contextual definition? Give examples.
9. Verify that the following definitions are given (if not, call logical-cal errors):
a) The judgment - is a reflection of reality.
b) The Parliament - the state body that exercises legislative power.
c) The Lion - the king of beasts.
d) Metagalaxy - a set of star systems.
10.Pravilno whether made following the division (if not, the name logical errors):
a) Crimes are divided into intentional and unintentional.
b) States are federal or unitary.
c) Fine arts are divided into painting, drawing, sculpture, architecture, and in eziyu photo.
g) The race is divided into Aryan, Mongolian, African and American.
11. Make the following concepts limitation:
The form of government. Angle. Planet.
Curve. Personality. Memorandum. Act.
12. Given the judgment: Knowledge is the supreme value.
a) What is the quality and quantity of this judgment (note the formula)?
b) What is the distribution (author and reader) terms in this judgment?
c) What are the logical and actual modalities of this judgment?
13.Install the form (in quality and quantity, the logical union of modality) and make the following judgments of the formula:
a) When scientific thought asserts itself as an independent pursuit of knowledge for the sake of knowledge, it receives the name of philosophy "(V. Windelband).
b) employment contract provides for transfer of the employee or for an indefinite period (permanent work), or for a specified period not exceeding three years, or for the time-you perform certain work.
14. Are the quality and quantity terms and distributed mo-range of the following:
a) This spring, appears to be cold. To the often, the subject of the distribution, are not shared, the predicate is not allocated, the judgment about the possibility, probability.
b) Part of the convicts are not in labor colonies. - Universal negative, the subject and