Macroeconomics, option 1

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4.Raschet GNP spending and income

1. Answer the test questions
2. Solve the problem
1. The drop in consumer spending in the domestic economy, ceteris paribus reflected a shift:
a) the aggregate supply curve to the right;
b) the aggregate supply curve to the left;
c) the aggregate demand curve to the right;
d) the aggregate demand curve to the left

2. What measures should be undertaken to prevent inflation:
a) to extend the sale of goods on credit;
b) to issue additional money;
c) increase the production of goods;
d) reduce public spending to pay for military orders, maintenance of the army and the police;
d) to accelerate the turnover of money

3. The main functions of the state in the economy in transition does not apply:
a) the creation of conditions for the stabilization of economic growth;
b) control of the activities of economic entities;
c) lawmaking; g) the distribution of wealth in society

4. The growth of consumer demand, the demand for money-capital, reducing unemployment are characteristic of the next phase of the economic cycle: a) rise b) depression) crisis d) revival

5. Investments which do not depend on the level of income and its components at any level of a certain constant value, are called:
a) net private domestic investment;
b) portfolio investments; c) autonomous investment;
d) gross private domestic investment

6. In the category of "bank assets" of commercial banks does not include:
a) the cash available to the Bank;
b) financial assets acquired by the bank;
c) loans to enterprises and households;
g) deposits placed in the bank

7. government transfers do not apply:
a) monthly allowances for children; b) unemployment benefits;
c) government spending on the construction of a new clinic;
d) subsidies and incentives for the purchase of medicines

8. The state budget deficit can be financed by:
a) additional tax revenues;
b) the profits of state enterprises;
c) The issue of money and commitments; g) withdrawals from the gold reserves

9. Ratio of wages and the share of profits in national income shows:
a) the value of the trade union movement;
b) the distribution of income between the factors of production;
c) the distribution of the population on the various social groups;
d) the dynamics of the business.

10. The increase in tariffs on imports would lead to:
a) the growth of national imports; b) reduction of national import;
c) reduction of the country's exports; d) increase in nat. exports;
d) an increase in national imports and reduce exports

Objective 1
GNP = 5000 rubles. Consumer spending = 3200 rubles., Government spending = 900 rbl., And net exports = 80 rubles.
a) The value of investments;
b) the volume of imports, provided that the export is 350 rub .;
c) the NNP, provided that the amount of depreciation is 150 rubles.

Task 2
The data on the labor force and employment in the first and fifth year of the period under review (in thousands of people.).
The first year of the fifth year
Workforce 84,889 95,453
Employed 80,796 87,524
Unemployment rate (%)
a) Calculate the unemployed and the unemployment rate in the first and fifth year rassmatrivaemo¬go period;
b) How can we explain the simultaneous increase in employment and unemployment;
c) Can we say that in the fifth year of the period under review there pol¬naya employment?

Objective 3
The income tax rate in the country 20%, government spending 200 mlrd.den. units., population 600 billion expenditure. den. u, the possible income at full employment 1.2 trillion. den. u
How is the actual state budget?
22.Ponyatie and types of inflation


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