MEI Macroeconomics test 25 questions

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Task 1
Question 1. What is the system of national accounts?
1. material costs;
2. The statistics on the dynamics of the economy;
3. The state budget of the country;
4. The level of consumption;
5. The account of costs and revenues.
Question 2. What is the financial account?
1. The performance of savings;
2. The results of operations;
3. The consumption and accumulation;
4. The results of changes in assets and liabilities;
5. capital costs.
Question 3. Which article of income account include?
1. Salary;
2. income from property;
3. The cost of production;
4. The correct answer is 1.2;
5. The correct answer is 1.3.
Question 4: What is the difference between GNP and GDP?
1. the sum of factor income;
2. the value of the total output;
3. The value added;
4. the amount of profit;
5. for amortization.
Question 5. What operations do not fall in the GDP?
1. Securities;
2. brokerage;
3. barter;
4. Credit;
5. exchange.
Task 2
Question 1. What reflects net national income?
1. taxes;
2. The annual production of goods and services;
3. State subsidies;
4. depreciation;
5. Create the value for the year.
Question 2: What is GDP?
1. Production for the year;
2. The ratio of production to the well-being of society;
3. The added value of all products and services;
4. National Income;
5. The national income minus depreciation.
Question 3. What is the gross investment?
1. The production of all types of products and services;
2. fixed capital formation;
3. depreciation;
4. investment in fixed assets;
5. The investment in working capital.
Question 4: What is the use of national income?
1. The amount of value added goods and services;
2. The national income, directed to the investment;
3. the national income losses and negative foreign trade balance;
4. The national income, directed to the consumer;
5. National Income, aimed at the defense and education.


Question 5. What is the equity?
1. stocks, savings, depreciation of fixed capital;
2. The process of formation of profit;
3. The results of operations;
4. added value;
5. The results of assets and liabilities.
Activity 3
Question 1: What are the indicators of economic efficiency:
1. The value of fixed capital and working capital;
2. The capital intensity and capital productivity;
3. The accounts payable and receivable;
4. profit costs;
5. productivity, profitability.
Question 2. What are the indicators of relative competitiveness you know?
1. productivity;
2. The return on assets;
3. capital intensity, costs, profits;
4. The unit cost of wages, the level of wholesale prices of industry;
5. The correct answer is 2.3.
Question 3. What are the leading indicators of the dynamics of economic growth do you know?
1. The capital productivity;
2. The capital intensity;
3. GDP growth and ND;
4. productivity;
5. The standard of living.
Question 4: What is the growth rate in practice in economic statistics?
1. The difference between GNP and GDP;
2. The sum of the GDP and ND;
3. ND -100;
4. The growth rate of minus 100;
5. The rate of growth.
Question 5. What are the factors of production?
1. labor, land and capital;
2. capital, plant and equipment;
3. gross revenues, costs;
4. The correct answer is 2.3;
5. The correct answer is 1.3.
Task 4
Question 1. What is the essence of the hypothesis of autonomous investment?
1. The permanent income;
2. Investments must give a quick effect;
3. The marginal efficiency of capital;
4. The consumption depends on the magnitude of income;
5. consumption does not depend on the magnitude of income.
Question 2. What is the absolute income hypothesis Keynes?
1. The consumption depends on the level of prices;
2. The consumption does not depend on the price level;
3. The income dep

Additional information

Task 23
Question 1. What is meant by structural deficiency?
1. The sum of all public expenditure;
2. The difference between the current public expenditure and revenues that would do;
3. The difference between income and actual deficit;
4. The lack of money for social programs;
5. The shortfall between income and expenditure.
Question 2: What is the deficit observed during the downturn in the economy?
1. structure;
2. actual;
3. cyclic;
4. structural and cyclical;
5. The correct answer is 1.2.
Question 3. What is the consequence of a deficit expansionary fiscal policy?
1. the actual;
2. cyclical;
3. structure;
4. The correct answer is 1.2;
5. The correct answer is 1.3.
Question 4: What are the first payment of the costs of the state budget?
1. Social;
2. obscheoobrazovatelnye needs;
3. The salary budget institutions;
4. on public debt;
5. The correct answer is 1.3.
Question 5. What is called the primary deficit?
1. The overall deficit;
2. actual;
3. structure;
4. The difference between the total and the sum of interest payments on the public debt;
5. The difference between the actual and structural.


Task 24
Question 1: What determines the effectiveness of state economic programming?
1. policy;
2. The urgency of the reforms;
3. The income of the state;
4. Long-term program;
5. Short-term programs.
Question 2. What is the economic basis of state regulation of the economy?
1. GNP;
2. revenues;
3. The share of GDP redistributed through the state budget;
4. fixed assets;
5. currency funds.
Question 3: Where is the border state. regulation of the economy?
1. the owners of fixed assets;
2. mismatch in objectives with the private interests of proprietors;
3. between production and consumption;
4. between the capital and the means of production;
5. The correct answer is 1.3.
Question 4: Who is the subject of state. regulation of the economy?
1. Government;
2. consumers;
3. entrepreneurs;
4. The media spokesmen and executors of economic interests;
5. legislatures.
Question 5. What are the means gos.regulirovaniya economy?
1. Political;
2. administration;
3. economic;
4. The correct answer is 1.2;
5. The correct answer is 2.3.

Task 25
Question 1: What is the deficit of the state budget?
1. The sum of all government spending;
2. The difference between expenditures and revenues of the State;
3. The lack of funds for social needs;
4. Failure to tax payments to the budget;
5. Balance the budget deficit.


Question 2. Describe the national debt:
1. The state deficit. budget;
2. The failure to pay the debt on time;
3. The duty of the state loan;
4. The amount of budget deficits and surpluses for all these years;
5. The correct answer is 2.3.
Question 3. How should the dynamics of the state. debt?
1. the payment of the international community;
2. the share of public debt in the national income;
3. GDP;
4. GNP;
5. the difference between GDP and GNP.
Question 4: What is the inflation rate?
1. productivity;
2. The difference between the growth rate of average wage rates and productivity;
3. The difference between the GDP and labor productivity;
4. The difference between the rate of wage and price levels;
5. proportional drop in productivity.
Question 5. When the unemployment rate and the inflation rate is neutral?
1. In a small unemployment;
2. at full employment;
3. with high GNP;
4. In times of economic crisis;
5. During the period of economic recovery.

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