MEI. WORLD ECONOMY. TEST number 1 (40 questions)

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Question 1. What scientist discovered the theory of absolute advantages:
1. Marx;
2. Ricardo;
3. Adam Smith;
4. DZh.Keyns;
5. R.Vernon.
Question 2. According to the table, calculate the price of a tank 1 in Russia and 1 tank in Germany (with respect to the vehicle):
Country Number of tanks
on units. Resources of vehicles
on units. resources
Russia 0.2 0.25
Germany 0.25 0.5
1. 3; 1.5;
2. 2, 2.5;
3. 2,5; 1,5;
4. 1,25; 2;
5., 0.5, 2.25.
Question 3. What are the disadvantages of the theory of comparative advantage:
1. The transport costs are not taken into account;
2. ignored international movement of factors of production;
3. not taken into account changes in the relative levels of labor productivity in different countries;
4. All the answers are correct;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 4. According to the Heckscher-Ohlin model, which seeks to export the products each country?
1. which are used extensively for her excessive factors of production;
2. which are used extensively scarce factors of production;
3. consumer goods;
4. there is no right answer;
5. All the answers are correct.
Question 5. The theorem Heckscher -Olina:
1. The logic is impeccable;
2. do not take into account the quality and heterogeneity of labor and capital;
3. does not account for the reversibility of the factors of production;
4. The correct answer is 2, 3.
5. do not take into account particular geographical situation of the country.

Question 6. What is the theory explains the development of world trade in manufactured goods based on the stages of their lives:
1. The theory of absolute advantage;
2. The theory of comparative advantage;
3. The theory of product life cycle;
4. The Heckscher-Ohlin theory;
5. The theory of economies of scale.
Question 7. Which scientist theorized life cycle of the goods?
1. V.Leontev;
2. R.Vernon;
3. P.Kryugman;
4. Ricardo;
5. Adam Smith.
Question 8. Production of public goods does not fit into the theory of the life cycle of the goods:
1. The short-lived;
2. The high cost of transport;
3. have a great opportunity to differentiate on quality;
4. The correct answer is 1,2,3.
5. The long lifecycle.
Question 9: Who proposed the theory of economies of scale:
1. R.Vernon;
2. P.Kryugman, K.Lankaster;
3. B.Minhas;
4. Marx;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 10. What is the essence of the theory of economies of scale?
1. The increase in the scale of production unit costs per unit of output is reduced with increasing release of the savings on the elements of fixed costs;
2. by increasing the scale of production unit costs per unit of output is reduced with increasing release of the savings on the elements of variable costs;
3. The reduction in the scale of production unit costs per unit of output is reduced with increasing release of the savings on the elements of variable costs;
4. The reduction in the scale of production unit costs per unit of output increase with the release of the growth of variable costs;
5. there is no right answer.

Question 11. What type of customs duties calculated as% of the customs value of the goods:
1. special;
2. specific;
3. combined;
4. transit;
5. The ad valorem.
Question 12. How is the customs value of the goods:
1. The price of the exporter;
2. The price of goods on the domestic market;
3. The exporter price + all domestic taxes on imported goods;
4. The price of goods on the domestic market - all taxes on imported goods;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 13. What type of customs duties is advantageous:
1. imported;
2. export;
3. The transit;
4. all equally;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 14. What is the measure passed in the formula: T = (Ah ... * TIM) / 1-A:
1. nominal tariff rate on finished products;
2. The effective level

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