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Ответы к тексту по учебнику Лексикология Антрушиной

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INTRODUCTION INTO LEXICOLOGY
I:
S: Lexicological research answers the question:
- What’s in a name?
- What’s in a sentence?
- What’s in the speech?
- What’s in the language?
I:
S: The modern definition of the word:
- can be considered exhaustive
- is totally understandable
- is not satisfactory
- is quite surprising
I:
S: The referent is
- a process in a listener’s brain
- a mechanism of sound groups’ conversion into words
- an idea
- an object, quality, phenomenon, action, etc denoted by a word
I:
S: The word is:
- a unit of speech which, as such, serves for human communication
- an object, quality, action
- a group of sounds expressing a concept
- a referent with its sound-group
I:
S: What is the external structure of a word?
- Its morphological structure
- The letters constituting the word
- The graphic representation of the word
- The sounds constituting the word
I:
S: The external structure of a word is studied by:
- phonetics
- grammar
- word-building
- etymology
I:
S: The internal structure of a word means its:
- grammatical structure
- sound structure
- semantic structure
- morphological structure
I:
S: The word possesses:
- both external (formal) and semantic unity
- only formal unity
- only internal unity
- indivisibility
I:
S: The word’s susceptibility to grammatical employment means:
- it can be used in the speech
- it is used in different grammatical forms in which its interrelations are realized
- it can be conjugated or declined
- it can make collocations
I:
S: What is lexicology?
-the study of dictionaries
-the study of words
-the study of morphemes
-the study of history of English language
I:
What is the word?
-a speech unit used for the purpose of human communication
-a speech unit used for the purpose of studying other languages
-a speech unit used for the purpose of word-building
-an independent unit within an utterance
I:
S: The word can be perceived as:
-the sum of affixes
-the sum of stems
-a unit of vocabulary
-the total of the sounds which comprises it
I:
S: The modern approach to word studies is based on distinguishing between:
-the stem of the word and its suffixes
-the Old English words and the modern ones, and their comparison
-the pronunciation and the spelling (the writing)
-the external and the internal structure of the word +
I:
S: What do we mean by morphological structure of the word?
-its external structure
-its internal structure
-its outside structure
-its inside structure
I:
S: The external structure of words and typical word-formation patterns are studied in the section on:
-history of language
-word-building
-phraseology
-etymology
I:
S: What do we mean by the semantic structure of the word, or its meaning?
-its external structure
-its internal structure
-its outside structure
-its inside structure
I:
S: What is semantics?
-the study of word-building
-the study of morphemes
-the study of stems and their origin
-the study of meaning
I:
S: What is the word’s main aspect?
-its morphological structure
-its spelling
-its meaning
-its pronunciation
I:
S: What is the structural aspect of the word?
-its divisibility
-its unity
-its permanence
-its variability
I:
S: On the syntagmatic level:
-the semantic structure of the word is analysed in its linear relationship with neighbouring words in connected speech
-the word is studied in its relationship with other words in the vocabulary system
-the word is studied as a unity of external and internal structures
-the word is studied as a group of sounds

Дополнительная информация

I:
S: On the paradigmatic level:
-the semantic structure of the word is analysed in its linear relationship with neighbouring words in connected speech
-the word is studied in its relationship with other words in the vocabulary system
-the word is studied as a unity of external and internal structures
-the word is studied as a group of sounds
I:
S: To refuse – to reject – to decline; work – labour; man – chap – bloke – guy are the examples of:
-antonyms
-homonyms
-paradigmatic study
-syntagmatic study
I:
S: The main problems of paradigmatic studies are:
-synonymy, phraseology, homonymy
-synonymy, etymology, phraseology
-synonymy, antonymy, etymology
-synonymy, antonymy, functional styles
I:
S: Phraseology is the branch of lexicology specializing in:
-sentences which are characterized by stability of structure
-word-groups which are characterized by instability of structure and transferred meaning
-word-groups which are characterized by stability of structure and direct meaning
-word-groups which are characterized by stability of structure and transferred meaning
I:
S: The vocabulary can be studied:
-synchronically, that is, in the context of the process through which it grew, developed and acquired its modern form
-diachronically, that is, at a given stage of its development
-synchronically, that is, at a given stage of its development
-syntagmatically, that is, in the context of the process through which it grew, developed and acquired its modern form

FORMAL AND INFORMAL STYLE AND VOCABULARY
I:
S: What generally determines the choice of stylistically marked words?
-the social context in which the communication is talking
-the social status of the speaker
-mood of the speaker
-age of the speaker
I:
S: What does professor I.V. Arnold define as “a system of expressive means peculiar to a specific sphere of communication”?
-colloquial words
-informal style
-formal style
-functional style
I:
S: In general, functional styles are classified in … groups.
-two
-three
-four
-many different
I:
S: In what situations are informal words used?
-at a ministerial reception
-at home, when speaking to friends, relatives
-when speaking to a teacher
-at a scientific symposium
I:
S: What are the main types of informal words and word-groups?
-colloquial words, slang and learned words
-colloquial and dialect words
-colloquial, slang and dialect words and word-groups
-professional terminology and learned words
I:
S: Informal words that are used in everyday conversational speech both by cultivated and uneducated people of all age groups are:
-dialect words
-slang words
-learned words
-literary colloquial words
I:
S: Why do colloquialisms appear in dialogues in 20th century English and American literature?
-because they realistically reflect the speech of modern people
-because the authors are uneducated
-because the authors want to show the way one should not conduct
-because the authors want to create an intimate, warm, informal atmosphere, to be closer to the reader
I:
S: Why do colloquialisms appear in descriptive passages in 20th century English and American literature?
-because they reflect the reality
-because the authors are uneducated
-because the authors want to show the way one should not conduct
-because the authors want to create an intimate, warm, informal atmosphere, to be closer to the reader
I:
S: “Pal” and “chum” are colloquial equivalents of:
-friend
-pretty woman
-meal
-old man
I:
S: “Girl”, when used colloquially, denotes:
-a very young girl
-a pretty woman
-a girlfriend
-a woman of any age
I:
S: “Bite” and “snack” stand for:
-breakfast
-lunch
-meal
-dinner
I:
S: “To have a crush on somebody” means:
-to break up with somebody
-to be in love with somebody
-to have a quarrel with somebody
-to be angry with somebody
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