Polіtichnі partії

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Polіtichnі partії that perehіd to demokratії

Demokratіya not without Mauger іsnuvati polіtichnih partіy. Parlamentska demokratіya tse partіyna demokratіya. For vtіlennya in Zhittya Vladi people neobhіdno ob'єdnati in єdine tsіle Yogo rozmaїtu polіtichnu will. The Minds predstavnitskoї demokratії Qiu funktsіyu vikonuyut polіtichnі partії. Without them demokratіya Je nedієzdatnoyu.
Partії yak svіdchit latinske pohodzhennya tsogo words (od latinskogo "pars" - Chastina) Yea i Chastain tsіlogo organіzovuyut deprivation okremu Chastain polіtichnogo spectrum. Nayavnіst have suspіlstvі rіznomanіtnih polіtichnih partіy vіdobrazhaє nezaperechny of the fact scho people od Nature rіznі, toil rіznі Interests. For parlamentskoї Minds, predstavnitskoї demokratії polіtichnі partії vistupayut nosіyami rozmaїttya іdey that pіdhodіv, polіtichnogo plyuralіzmu.
Polіtichnі partії namagayutsya viboryuvati not vіdosoblenі suspіlnі Interests and zagalnu suspіlnu will, scho th vіdrіznyaє їh od іnshih polіtichnih іnstitutіv (napriklad group іnteresіv). Proteus yak if nebudu partіya pochinaє pretenduvati to those scho Won tіlki Got one right virіshuvati scho CAME vіdpovіdaє іnteresam usіh gromadyan, zayavlyaє scho volodіє monopolієyu on іstinu chi patrіotizm, tse, yak svіdchit Istoria, lead to fatal suspіlnih naslіdkіv. In such rozumіnnі sutі polіtichnih partіy The major mortgage nebezpeka for demokratії.
Tse did not viklyuchaє of scho pevnі polіtichnі partії mozhut nadavati prіoritetnoї pіdtrimki okremim polіtichnim topics chi suspіlnim sectors. When democratic pravlіnnі partії Je not samotsіllyu and zasobom realіzatsії іnteresіv. Parlamentska demokratіya tse such form suspіlnogo pravlіnnya at yakіy іsnuyut іnstitutsіynі mehanіzmi zbalansuvannya rіznih (or even minutes protilezhnih) suspіlnih іnteresіv. In demokratichnіy derzhavі prevalyuє not one partіya and partіyne kerіvnitstvo have derzhavі panuє "partіyna system."
Prote navіt rіvnovaga polіtichnih forces have not suspіlstvі Je panatseєyu od zlovzhivannya Vlad. He can be nadmіrno іdealіzuvati polіtichnі partії. When vіdsutnostі nalezhnih mehanіzmіv strimuvannya that protivag, control s side gromadskostі partії have namagannі dosyagti maximum suspіlnogo vplivu zdatnі pіti dosit far. Demokratії, yak about tse says R. Mіhels, pritamanna tendentsіya to olіgarhії. "Viznannya organіzatsії - Pichet vіn - tse zavzhdi virazhennya tendentsії to olіgarhії. The essence whether yakoї organіzatsії (partії, etc. profspіlok i) mіstit in sobі zavzhdi gliboko aristokratichnі RISS. Organіzatsіyna machine, yak stvoryuє masivnі structure viklikaє in organіzovanih masah seryoznі zmіni. Vіdnosheennya leader to weight peretvoryuє have won their protilezhnіst. Organіzatsіya zavershuє residual podіl vsyakoї partії chi profspіlki on menshіst scho keruє i bіlshіst, yakoyu keruyut. W posilennyam organіzatsії demokratіya pochinaє znikati. "
Candidates for scho obirayutsya proportsіynoyu system viboryuyut nasampered Location in the list, Yakima rozporyadzhaєtsya partіyny aparat, not votes vibortsіv. Naspravdі, obirayuchi partіyu, viborets obiraє її aparat. During Minds proportsіynoї system yak zaznachav Duverger, partіya staє єdinim viborchim district.
He can be zabuvati i zasterezhennya M. Ostrogorskogo about those scho th in the Minds parlamentskoї demokratії not zavzhdi vdaєtsya podolati vіdchuzhennya for Civil Society od i upravlіnnya derzhavnoї Vladi. Vіn showing Yakim rank of nayavnostі rіvnogo viborchogo rights of the population Mauger vitіsnyatisya s polіtichnogo Zhittya i Why ob'єktom manіpulyuvannya partіynoї elіti (caucus).
Weber zaznachaє scho rozvitok zagalnogo viborchogo rules lead to transformatsії partіy yak ob'єdnan "influential people" have "partіynі machine" yakimi keruyut partіynі Bosi. A tse in his Cherga Veda to plebіstsitarnoї demokratії, yak vіn ototozhnyuє s "dictatorship", scho bazuєtsya on emotsіynostі weig

Additional information

Swede Robert J. Polіtichnі partії. Entsiklopedichny slovnik.- Lviv: Astrolyabіya, 2005.- 488 p.

In entsiklopedichnomu vocabularies "Polіtichnі partії" zіbrano bіlshe 1000 termіnіv that understand yakі stosuyutsya polіtichnih partіy. Pong rozkrivayut іstorіyu Formation partіy, їh Location i have zhittі role for Civil Society, the characteristics that tipologії polіtichnih partіy that partіynih systems, problems teorії polіtichnih partіy. Dictionnaire Buda korisnim for studentіv vischih navchalnih zakladіv spetsіalnostі "polіtologіya" іnshih gumanіtarnih spetsіlnostey, Reigning sluzhbovtsіv, partіynih pratsіvnikіv that aktivіstіv, usіh hto tsіkavitsya polіtikoyu.

UDC 329 (038)
ISBN 966-8657-03-9

Reviewer:

Varzar I. M., Dr. polіtichnih Sciences, Professor,
Krasіvsky OY, Doctor іstorichnih Sciences, Professor,
Grinіv A. I., Dr. fіlosofskih Sciences, professor.

Recommended vchenoyu radoyu Lvivske natsіonalnogo unіversitetu іmenі Іvana Frank (Minutes № 12/11 od 19 Listopad 2003).

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