Problems in civil law

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Uploaded: 08.10.2013
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Problem 1. A lone pensioner Sviblova held in a city apartment with total area of \u200b\u200b42 square meters. m 8 dogs and 19 cats. When Sviblova bought a goat, neighbors patience snapped, and they began to collect signatures among the residents entrance to the statement to the court on the limitation Sviblovo in capacity.
What relationship emerged in this situation? What are the grounds established by the legislation of the Russian Federation to limit the capacity of the face?

Problem 2. The founders of "Halley's Comet" are a legal entity of "La Sonnambula" (share in the authorized capital of 90%); 10 individuals - (share in the authorized capital of each - 1%). Once individuals boycotted participation in the general meeting, the general director of "La Sonnambula" held a general meeting of "Halley's Comet" alone. On it, in particular, it decided to exclude from the participants of "Halley's Comet" Suslin for activities hindering the functioning of society, the opening of a branch of the company in other regions of Russia, dismissed from duty the general Director of "Halley's Comet" Smetanin and appointed for the position himself.
What are the legal acts regulating the activities of limited liability companies?
What is the procedure of decision-making at the general meeting?
The legitimacy if adopted by the general meeting of the participants of "Halley's Comet" solutions?

Problem 3. New Artist Maxim Leerman corresponded with his distant relative Voltrapovoy-Belsky, which kept pictures of her great-grandfather four Voltrapova painter. Impressed by Maxim Leermana arguments about art, Voltrapova-Belsky in a letter promised to give him a picture of his great-grandfather, "White Horse" after it receives it from the restorer. Maxim gratefully accepted. In the next letter Voltrapova-Belsky bitterly reported that inadvertently painting restorer irretrievably lost. Maxim believed that in such a case, it must be presented to any other picture Voltrapova, especially since in other paintings of the artist depicts white horses. Voltrapova-Belsky argued that now that she has only three paintings by his great-grandfather, she was not part with any of them.
What relationship emerged in this situation? In what form should be signed deed of gift? Must a Voltrapova-Belsky Leermanu give a different picture.

Problem 4. In one of the episodes of the new novel by popular writer Usoltseva "Breakfast with Pithecanthropus" in detail told about how the heroine bake cakes on their own original recipe. Entrepreneur Chinarov hot admirers of the writer, in his cafe "Hamadryad" established baking pies for the recipe described in the novel. On the menu they appeared as "Pithecanthropus from Pies Usoltseva." Having been in the cafe, Usoltseva Chinarova expressed his displeasure unauthorized use of its invention and the name and demanded to stop baking cakes for her recipe, threatening Chinarova suing for compensation for moral damage.
What relationship emerged in this situation? What rights are protected Usoltseva? Is the recipe, the invention described in the book?

Problem 5. Mukhina argued that by appearing to work at the institute, passed his coat in the closet, and as often did not take numbered. When she went to get a coat, it became clear that it is not in the locker room. Mukhina Institute demanded to compensate the cost of her coat, and being refused, appealed to the court. The representative of the institution in the court explained that the institution is not required to indemnify Mukhina, as she is unable to produce numbered. Mukhina argued that the fact of putting a coat in the cloakroom can confirm three employees of the institute.
What kind of relationship arise in this situation? In what form must be signed deed of gift? Whether rights representative institution refusing Fly

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Problem 6. The driver of the company Sutulin a few minutes left near the shop belonging to the organization car without removing the key from the ignition. Loader store Medvedev, while drunk, stole a car and hit a Sotnikova, who as a result of injuries caused to him became an invalid of the second group. He appealed to the court to Medvedev, demanding redress.
What kind of relationship arise in this situation? Who are the participants? On whom does the obligation to redress?

Problem 7. Troyanovskaya May 4, 1996 passed Bukin - the daughter of his neighbor - an old brooch with diamonds on the condition that Bukin wear it at the wedding, and after 3-4 days will return. May 11, 1996 Bukin returned brooch Troyanovskaya and put it in the casket. After a long period of time, during which Troyanovskaya brooch did not use it June 25, 1998 he found that the brooch, which had five of diamonds, one is missing. Only a year and a half, 26 December 1999 Troyanovskaya sought Bukin, who left his family out of the city in which they previously lived. Bukin admitted that on the wedding day, she noticed that one stone brooch is not enough, but failed to find him. Since Bukin to reimburse the cost of a diamond refused Troyanovskaya 3 June 2000 addressed to the court.
To determine the court's decision in this situation.

Problem 8. Danilchenko, who lives with son Alexander, bequeathed to him all his property in the amount of 500 thousand. Rubles. At the same time the will was told that Alexander was obliged to transfer his sister Irina 20 thousand. Rubles. After the opening of the inheritance Krasilin said notary that the deceased was owed him 30 thousand. Rubles. Alexander agreed to pay 4/5 of the debt by offering the rest to recover from Irene. Irina participate in the redemption of the debt declined.
What kind of relationship arise in this situation? Must a Irina pay the debt of the testator it received the money?

Problem 9. 10-year-old Eldar Hasanov was dismissed as a teacher with a lesson for bad behavior. Bored one in the hallway, the boy climbed out the bathroom window, went for a walk and a nail scratched fender expensive car belonging Kultysovu.
What relationship emerged in this situation? Who are their members? On whom shall be obliged to compensate for damage.

Target 10. By the law students a dispute about what the legal form of the Bank of Russia (the Central Bank). One student argued that the central bank is a state unitary enterprise, since his property is state-owned, but the state is not liable for its obligations, it operates through its own revenues, there is a commercial organization that carries out economic management of their property. Another student argued that the central bank - a non-profit organization engaged in public-management functions, and the property is in the operational management, hence its organizational and legal form - public institution. A third of students believe that the central bank - a business entity with 100 percent participation of the state, because it is governed by a board of directors, and such authority can only exist in a business entity; the Central Bank has a registered capital, and in respect of the property of the unitary enterprises, and even more facilities, this term does not apply; Finally, banks may be established only as a utility company.
Whose point of view is correct?

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