Программа по курсу: «Теория информационных процессов и

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Uploaded: 17.12.2008
Content: 81217192656130.doc (1269 kB)

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1. The main tasks TIPiS (objective of the course, problems solved TIPiS).
1.1. Makroproektirovanie, mikroproektirovanie.
1.2. The object and the subject.
2. Basic concepts and properties of the system:
2.1 Definition of the system.
2.2. Communication with the outside object.
2.2.1 External environment.
2.2.2. Cybernetic model of the object.
2.2.3. Classification of the inputs and outputs of the object.
2.2.4. Isolation system.
2.2. The basic concepts of the structure and functioning of the information system: property element (classification of elements of response to disturbance)
subsystem, the structure (the structure of the system, the formal structure, material structure), bond (first, second and third order, classification, feedback), the state, the behavior of the model, balance, stability, development, the goal.
3. Types of information systems.
3.1. Classification of information systems:
• origin - natural and artificial;
• the existence of objectivity - the real and the abstract;
• on the dimension - one-dimensional and multi-dimensional;
• centralized and decentralized;
• uniformity and diversity of structural elements - homogeneous and heterogeneous;
• discrete and continuous;
• causal and purposeful;
• linear and nonlinear;
• by type of the displayed object technical, economic, ergatic, social, organizational, biological, etc .;
• by type of research areas - mathematics, physics, chemistry and so on. N .;
• by type of formalized representation of the device - deterministic and stochastic;
• the type of commitment - open and closed;
• the complexity of the structure and behavior - simple and complex;
• on the degree of organization - well-organized, poorly organized (diffuse), self-organizing systems.

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