Sociology Giddens E.

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Uploaded: 20.02.2009
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Table of contents
Sociology 15
INTRODUCTION 15
PREFACE 17
KEY TOPICS 18
STRUCTURE OF THE BOOK 19
Summary of chapters and a glossary of 19
STUDENTS: HOW TO USE THIS BOOK 20
PART I Introduction to Sociology 21
CHAPTER 1 Sociology: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS 21
WHAT DOES sociology? SOME EXAMPLES 21
Love and marriage 21
Health and disease 22
Other examples: crime and punishment 22
Conclusions: The Essence of Sociology 23
CHANGES IN THE MODERN WORLD 24
Sociology and "common sense" 24
Sociological Question: factual, comparative, Development and Theoretical 26
Factual questions 26
Comparable questions 26
Development issues 26
Theoretical questions 26
Deliberate and unintended consequences of human actions 27
WHAT CAN SAY ABOUT Sociology of our actions? 28
Social structures and human action 28
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OUTLOOK 28
IS sociology of science? 29
OBJECTIVE 30
PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS OF SOCIOLOGY 31
Understanding social situations 31
Sensitivity to cultural differences 31
Evaluation of the results of political action 31
The deepening of self-knowledge 31
The role of sociology in society 31
FINAL COMMENTS 32
Summary 32
PART II Culture, identity and social interaction 34
CHAPTER 2 CULTURE AND SOCIETY 34
MEETING OF CULTURES 34
Early contacts with other cultures 35
The concept of culture 35
The human race 36
Evolution 37
Humans and monkeys 37
Nature and nurture 38
Sociobiology 38
Instincts 39
Cultural diversity 40
Cultural identity and ethnocentrism 40
41 cultural universals
Language 41
Speech and writing 42
Semiotics and Material Culture 42
TYPES OF COMPANIES premodern 43
Hunters and gatherers 43
Mbuti Pygmies 44
Natural "affluent society"? 44
Pastoral and agricultural societies 46
Pastoral Societies 47
The agricultural society 47
Non-industrial civilization, or traditional states 48
Maya civilization 49
The main features of the traditional state 49
SOCIETY IN THE MODERN WORLD 49
Industrial Society 50
Three "of the world" 52
Third World countries 52
Company's first and second World 52
CONCLUSION 53
Summary 53
Further reading 54
CHAPTER 3 Socialization and Life Cycle 54
"NESOTSIALIZIROVANNYE" CHILDREN 55
"Aveyronsky savage" 55
Jeni 56
EARLY STAGES OF BABY 57
The development of sensory organs 57
Crying and smiling 57
Infants and mothers 58
Formation of social reactions 59
Attachment and loss 60
Isolated monkey 60
Deprivation of the child 60
Long-term effects of deprivation 60
Socialization of the Child 61
GENERAL THEORY OF CHILDREN 61
Personality development 62
Evaluation 62
J. Theory. G. Meade 62
Piaget: cognitive development 63
Stages of Cognitive Development 64
Evaluation 65
The connection between the theories 65
66 agents of socialization
Family 66
Relationships with peers 67
School 67
Media 68
Other agents of socialization 68
Resocialization 68
Behavior in a concentration camp 69
"Brainwashing" 69
Life Path 70
Childhood 70
Youth 71
Young adults 71
Maturity 71
Old age is 72
Death and succession of generations 72
Socialization and individual liberties 73
Summary 73
Further reading 74
CHAPTER 4 Social interaction and daily life 75
STUDY OF SOCIAL LIFE 75 EVERYDAY
Nonverbal communication 76
Face and emotion 76
"Person" and Culture 77
Social rights, the conversation and the conversation 78
Mutual understanding 78
Experiments Garfinkel 78
Form of a conversation 79
ERRORS AND RESERVATIONS 80
Reaction-exclamations 80
Slip of the tongue 81
FACE, posture and speech during interaction 81
COLLISION 82
Situations and circumstances 82
Manage impression 83
Foreground and background 83
Adapting to th

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