# Test 4 and economical tasks. theory, option 2

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Tests
1. How many of these economists is the founder of the labor theory of value:
a) Marx;
b) James. M. Keynes;
c) A. Smith;
d) Jean-Baptiste Sei.

2. What scientific methods are not used in economic theory:
a) the method of analysis and synthesis;
b) the statistical and dynamic approach;
c) the economic and mathematical modeling;
g) a laboratory experiment.

3. factors of production is not:
a) capital;
b) land;
c) money;
d) work.

4. Which of the following lists the values \u200b\u200bof marginal utility refers to the law of diminishing marginal utility:
a) 20, 15, 10, 5;
b) 20, 30, 40, 50;
c) 20, 20, 20, 20;
g) 20, 25, 27, 28.

5.Alternativnye costs - is:
a) the costs of competing firms;
b) the value of the resources expended in the alternative method of their application;
c) the value of benefits that can be obtained with an alternative method, the best use of resources;
d) the average cost per unit of output.

6. The supreme management body of the company is:
a) Board of Directors;
b) collection of Commissioners;
c) the general meeting of shareholders;
d) meeting of the holders of preferred shares.

7. It is known that disposable income was 2,000 units. And the amount of consumption expenditure is 1600 units. In this case, it can be argued that the value of 0.8 is characterized by:
a) the average propensity to save;
b) the marginal propensity to save;
c) the average propensity to consume;
d) the marginal propensity to consume.

8. The term "economic cycle" means the movement of the economy:
a) from crisis to recovery;
b) from crisis to revive;
c) from crisis to depression;
d) from one crisis to another.

9. The natural rate of unemployment includes:
a) opportunistic unemployment;
b) frictional unemployment;
c) Long-term unemployment;
d) all forms of unemployment, above.

10. What is meant by the function of money as a measure of value?
a) assessment of the costs of labor in the production of certain goods;
b) the comparison of the value of diverse goods and services;
c) estimate the total costs of firms in the production of goods;
g) economic tool by which this may be mounted on the market clearing price.

11. If the state of the economy is characterized by Keynesian aggregate supply curve segment, the growth in aggregate demand will lead to:
a) reduction in the price level and real GDP growth;
b) increase the price level and real GDP growth;
c) higher prices and reduce real GNP;
d) an increase in real GDP at constant price levels.

12. The excess reserves of commercial banks are:
a) the sum of the actual and required reserves;
b) the difference between the actual and required reserves;
c) the difference between assets and liabilities of the bank;
d) the difference between the required and actual reserves.