Text translation MACHINE TOOLS and set him

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Uploaded: 14.05.2014
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1) Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст
MACHINE TOOLS
1. Machine tools are a class of powered equipment, usually installed in a fixed location in control to portable power tools. Machine tools typically have powerful electric motors producing rotational motion from hydraulic force. They often employ cutting, surfaces. Machinery equipped with belts, flywheels, chain drives, cranks, connecting rods, and shafting must be equipped with guards to protect employees from the moving parts.
2. Machine tools are capable of causing amputations and other serious personal injury. Also, some machine tools use a lubricant to cool the working surface. This coolant is a potential source of injury and illness in that a spill could be a slip hazard, and bacteria can grow in the fluid mixture. Cutting oils present other health and environmental hazards but they are used in certain types of machine tools.
3. Because the mechanical transmission of power is frequently associated with machine tools, the general subject of safety guards also needs addressing. You can avoid the hazards associated with machine tools by standing outside of the work area. If you have business to conduct in the area, wear appropriate eye protection and remain a safe distance away from the machinery. However for those who run the machinery there is a number of special rules.
4. Here are some efficient responsibilities for a machine operator. Do not attempt to use the machine tools unless you have been trained and are so authorized by your supervisor and the appropriate machine shop supervisor. Inspect and ensure that all required machinery is working properly before use. Wear prescribed personal protective clothing and equipment. Use the proper tool or blade for the job and the material you are working with. Do not get distracted from the work in progress. Keep hands away from pinch points and cutting surfaces. All machinery that can “walk” or tip over from vibration must be secured to the floor. (1630)

2. Определите, является ли утверждение:
a) In businesses that rely upon industrial machinery employees working with the machine tools can be injured.
В производстве, которое относится к промышленному оборудованию, сотрудники, работая со станками, могут нанести себе травму.
1) ложным
2) истинным
3) в тексте нет информации
b) Spilling of lubricant is dangerous because of the slip hazard.
Пролитие смазочного средства представляет собой опасность падения.
1) ложным
2) истинным
3) в тексте нет информации
c) The heads of machinery businesses should not purchase the surplus machine tools unless they are certain the tools have adequate guarding features.
Начальникам промышленных фирм не следует приобретать излишнее количество станков, если они не уверены, что оборудование отвечает всем требованиям защиты.
1) ложным
2) истинным
3) в тексте нет информации
d) In the process of working the electric motors of the machine tools typically produce rotational motion and explosive force.
В процессе работы электрические двигатели станков, как правило, производят вращательное движение и взрывную силу.
1) ложным
2) истинным
3) в тексте нет информации

3) Укажите, какой части текста (1, 2, 3, 4) соответствует следующая информация:
a) Some fluids which are used in machine tools for cooling purposes can be of danger not only for machinery operators but also for nature.
b) Machine operators should be specially trained and authorized in order to work with machine tools; besides, they should follow a number of self-protective rules.

Additional information

4) Ответьте на вопрос:
What should those who have to conduct business in the machinery work area do?
a) They should undergo a special training performed by the supervisor; then they are freely allowed to the work area.
b) They only should stand outside of the work area eye protection is not necessary.
c) They should not approach the work area and keep a five-meter safety distance.
d) They should remain a safe distance away from the machinery and wear appropriate eye protection.
4) Определите основную идею текста
a) Machine tools and in particular their cutting surfaces and cooling fluids present a potential hazard for health and environment
b) Those who would like to run the machinery should undergo special training.
c) All kinds of machinery must be equipped with guards to protect employees from the moving parts.
d) Described as powered equipment with cutting surfaces capable of causing serious personal injuries, machine tools require only specially trained workers with self-protective means to operate them.

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