4. Read the text and outline its main points.
Russia is one ° F the largest countries in the world. The vast territory of the Russian Federation stretches from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east, from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Sea of \u200b\u200bAzov in the south. It occupies the northern part of Asia and the eastern part of Europe. Russia is washed by twelve seas and three oceans. The northern and eastern coasts of Russia are washed by the White Sea, the Barents Sea and the Okhotsk Sea.
The land of Russia varies a lot from heavy forests to barren deserts, from high peaked mountains to deep valleys. Russia is located on two plains. They are: the Great Russian Plain and the West Siberian Plain. There are three main mountain chains in Russia. The Urals, the longest mountain chain, separates Europe from Asia.
Due to the large territory, the climate and nature are of various types in Russia. In Siberia, for example, the climate is continental, it is very cold in winter, but summers may be very hot and dry. In the central part of Russia the climate is rather mild: winters are seldom too cold, and summers are more often warm than hot. The climate in the south is tropical, with hot summers and warm winters; the temperature is usually above zero all year round. But despite the climatic diversity the temperature zone with four distinct seasons prevails.
Russia is the land of long rivers and deep lakes. The broad Volga River System is of great historic, economic and cultural importance to Russia.
The Volga river runs in the Caspian Sea, which is in reality, the largest lake in the world. Also the largest lakes are Ladoga and Baikal. Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and its water is the purest on earth.
The Russian Federation is rich in natural and mineral resources. It has deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore, gold, nickel and many others.
The current population of Russia is more than 140 million people. The European part of Russia is densely populated. 83 per cent of the population are Russians. The most people live in cities, towns and their outskirts.
Russia borders on fourteen countries including the former Republics of the USSR, which are independent states now. In the south-east Russia borders on Mongolia and China, in the north-west Finland and Norway, in the south - Georgia.
Main points of the text .....
5. Give the main points of the text answering the following questions:
1. in Y what oceans and seas is Russia washed?
2. What landscape does Russia have?
3. What are the main plains of Russia?
4. What is the longest mountain chain of Russia?
5. What is the climate of Russia?