Practical exercises on the theme "The concept of"
Exercise № 1. Show Euler diagram the relationship between the concepts of:
1) city, Tsaritsyn, Stalingrad, Volgograd
2) state ownership, municipal ownership, stock ownership, public ownership, private ownership
3) a heavenly body, a natural satellite of a heavenly body, a satellite of Mars, Earth satellite
4) grandfather, son, brother, man, father, grandson
Exercise № 2. Pick up the concept to the following schemes:
Exercise № 3. Give a complete description of the concepts of logic:
a) student VolSU
b) collective Volgograd
d) the most honest journalist
Exercise № 4. Which of the following relationships between concepts are relations "genus and species," and what kind of relationship "part and the whole"?
a) high school, high school Volgograd
b) The triangle and the angle of the triangle
c) Korea, Asia
d) Africa, a continent
d) a banker, the banker's conscience
g) management, entrepreneurship
Exercise № 5. Make some generalizations and limit the following concepts:
d) student Volgograd
d) in love with a man
e) a teacher of logic
Exercise № 6. Consider the following division concepts. Set. on what grounds they made what they term is divisible and members of the division, make sure they are correct. that is, whether they meet the rules:
a) a person's teeth are the front, back, top, bottom, incisors, canines, milk and wisdom teeth, and teeth prone to tooth decay
b) the set of employees at your institution can be divided into the following types: funny, sad, prone to protivo¬rechiyu with analytical skills, intuition, initiative, lack of initiative
Exercise № 7. Perform division concepts:
Exercise № 8. Give the analysis (in terms of logical correctness) the following definitions:
a) oil - black gold
b) The Himalayas - the highest mountain in the world
c) teacher - someone who teaches something
d) logic - philosophical science
Exercise № 9. Give the nominal and the real definition of the following concepts:
a) the subject of law
c) excellent students
Case studies on "judgment"
Exercise № 1. Locate the sentences expressing judgments.
Example: When you finish a lecture? - Interrogative sentence, the judgment does not represent.
1.1. What Russian does not like to drive fast? (Nikolai Gogol) -
1.2. Children! Do not eh Moscow for us? - Interrogative sentences, but
1.3. Forward! Without fear and doubt in the valiant feat, friends! (Pleshcheyev) - Exclamation (motive) proposal expresses
1.4. Farewell, free element! (Pushkin). - Exclamation
Exercise № 2. Set the kind of complex judgments, specify the component (simple proposition).
2.1. The contract is concluded when the parties reached agreement on all the points known.
2.2. Nights are lunar and moonless.
2.3. We listened to lectures on logic and philosophy.
2.4. It's bad when the division lacks provisions.
2.5. The point of every citizen - to protect nature and conserve its riches.
Exercise № 3. The ambiguity is caused by the following sentences? What kind of logic problems to be solved in order to avoid ambiguities.
a) when Dubrovsky killed the bear, Troyekurov not angry, just told to take off his skin
b) the hero's father died when he was 28 years old
c) after escaping from captivity of Prince Igor, which contributed to the nature, the Russian land was filled with joy.
Exercise № 4. Analyze The following judgments. Identify the subject, predicate, quality, quantity judgments. Each of judgment to bring the standard form (A, E, I, O).
a) The majority of Russian laws are not retroactive
b) the people of the world do