The test for the world economy

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Uploaded: 26.04.2013
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Question 1. Which of the following relations costs will determine the direction and extent of sharing in the event of a trade?
1. The ratio of cost of production of wheat and cloth in country A;
2. The distribution of costs for the production of wheat in the country A and country B in wheat;
3. The ratio of cost of production of wheat in terms of the fabric of the country A and the costs for the production of wheat in terms of the fabric of the country B.
Question 2. Tests 2-4 are executed sequentially.
The following table presents data on volumes of production of cloth and wine in the two countries, A and B.
Question 3. At first between the two countries there is no mutual trade. A country's currency - but the country's currency - B - B. Prices of cloth in countries A and B are, respectively, 20a and 60b. If each country independently produces both goods, the price of wine must be equal, respectively:
Question 4. Before the start of the trading process for each country was characterized by its price ratio, which reflects the internal production costs. If between the two countries A and B develop trade, the ratio of the price of wine to the price of the cloth:

Task 20
Question 1. If the inputs have absolute mobility within the country And who would win in the long term in the event of foreign trade?
Question 2. Is the following statement: "Trade liberalization harms people in import-competing industries in the short term only. But in the long term, if the resources are free to move from industry to industry, from trade liberalization in the end everybody wins "
Question 3. True or False: "Trafficking in itself liquidates. The establishment of trade relations leads to a leveling of prices and costs between the two countries. But as soon as they catch up, it will be pointless to export goods from country to country, so that the trade will stop. "

Task 21
Question 1. Why is the present conditions in the country's foreign trade policy go to the methods of the "new protectionism"?
Question 2: Which of the following statements are true?
Question 3. Which of the following functions are beyond the powers of the WTO?
Question 4. Lower efficiency of quantitative restrictions on imports as compared with the customs import tariff manifested in the fact that:
Question 5. Which of the following methods of trade policy prohibited the WTO?

Task 22
Question 1. In a country that has lost a part of the comparative advantages, began a debate about the forms of protectionist measures. Some ministers stood on the positions of the introduction of import duties, the other part of the favored import quotas. The main difference between the import duty on the import quota is that:
Question 2. The production of any of the following products will likely have a strong protectionist protection in Russia:
Question 3. Supporters of protectionism argue that the duties, quotas and other trade barriers are required for:
Question 4. Which of the following forms of state influence on foreign trade is not an obstacle to free trade?
Question 5: Suppose that country A, referred to in task 6 is not a WTO member, and country B is a member of the WTO. As the decision to impose tariffs may affect the international economic relations of country A?

Task 23
Question 1: Is it fair to the statement: "Removing barriers brings winning the world as a whole and to those groups for whom freedom of movement of goods, labor, capital means more opportunities, but detrimental to the groups for whom freedom is a tough competition."
Question 2: Which of the following should be borne in mind as a possible negative impact of the use of foreign direct investment in Russia?
Question 3. fair to say that the movement of factors of production within the world economy has an ultra-antitorgovy character?

Additional information

Question 4: "Why does not fully align the price of labor in the international migration of labor?" - Raised the question whether the true?
Question 5. Which of the following can be attributed to foreign direct investment?

Task 24
Question 1. On the basis of purchasing power parity, if the TV is on sale for $ 500 in the US and 2,000 yuan in China, the exchange rate, expressed as the amount of yuan per 1 dollar, is as follows:
Question 2. If the increased real exchange rate of the US dollar, then:
1. imported goods become cheaper to American citizens;
2. falling US net exports;
3. increased current account deficit;
4. All of the above is true.
Question 3. How will the competitiveness of British merchants in the US market when changing course to $ 1. = 0.9 pound to $ 1. = 1 pound sterling?
1. Increase;
2. decrease;
3. On the basis of these data it is impossible to make such conclusions.
Question 4. How to behave while US wheat suppliers to the US market?
1 will cut prices in pounds for US wheat;
2. will raise prices in pounds for US wheat;
3. On the basis of these data it is impossible to make such conclusions.
Question 5: What impact will these trends in the balance of payments of the USA and England (ceteris paribus)?
1. increase the balance of payments surplus of England and increased the negative balance of payments of the USA;
2. increase the surplus balance of payments and increase the US balance of payments deficit of England;
3. The direct correlation is observed can not.


Task 25
The following data are balance of payments of the country for a conditional 2007 .: (for questions 1-3)
Merchandise exports 40
Merchandise imports 30
Exports of services 15
Imports of services 10
Income from investments transferred abroad 5
Remittances from abroad 10
The export of capital 40
Imports of capital 10
Question 1. Calculate the balance of capital movements:
1 -25;
2 -35;
3. -30;
4 -20.
Question 2. Calculate the current account balance:
1. 10;
2. 20;
3. 25;
4. 15.
Question 3: Calculate the value of the trade balance:
1. 10;
2. 15;
3. -10;
4. 25.
Question 4. In which section of the balance of payments should include transport services to foreign countries?
1. the capital account;
2. The balance of trade;
3. The current account;
Question 5. Which of these foreign economic transactions carried out between residents of country A and the other countries will be included under the current account of balance of payments A:
1. humanitarian aid to Bangladesh;
2. The import of equipment for the textile industry;
3. The opening of the bank account to $ 500. In Zurich;
4. Buying a car BMW;
5. purchase of Japanese government securities by banks in country A;
6. profits earned from the bank account in London;
7. Japan's sale of timber;
8. The purchase of a chemical plant in France.

Task 26
Question 1. Assume that there is a system of the gold standard. The US dollar has a fixed gold content at a price of $ 20.67. 1 ounce, and the British pound - £ 4.25 for 1 ounce of gold. What will the dollar to the pound ?:
Question 2. Suppose further that you begin to carry out commercial transactions with 85 pounds, at an exchange rate of $ 6. = 1 pound. What is the amount of gold you could buy in the UK?
Question 3. Assume that you do not buy gold in Britain, and to exchange their pounds for dollars. What is the amount of gold you could buy in the United States then?
Question 4. If you then send the gold back to the UK, how much it will cost in pounds?
Question 5: How long, in your opinion, will continue the exchange rate of $ 6. = £ 1?

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