The world economy test answers 40 questions

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The world economy is a test of 40 questions.
Question 1. What scientist discovered the theory of absolute advantages:
1. Marx;
2. Ricardo;
3. Adam Smith;
4. DZh.Keyns;
5. R.Vernon.
Question 2. According to the table, calculate the price of a tank 1 in Russia and 1 tank in Germany (with respect to the vehicle):
Country Number of tanks
on units. Resources of vehicles
on units. resources
Russia 0.2 0.25
Germany 0.25 0.5
1. 3; 1.5;
2. 2, 2.5;
3. 2,5; 1,5;
4. 1,25; 2;
5., 0.5, 2.25.
Question 3. What are the disadvantages of the theory of comparative advantage:
1. The transport costs are not taken into account;
2. ignored international movement of factors of production;
3. not taken into account changes in the relative levels of labor productivity in different countries;
4. All the answers are correct;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 4. According to the Heckscher-Ohlin model, which seeks to export the products each country?
1. which are used extensively for her excessive factors of production;
2. which are used extensively scarce factors of production;
3. consumer goods;
4. there is no right answer;
5. All the answers are correct.
Question 5. The theorem Heckscher -Olina:
1. The logic is impeccable;
2. do not take into account the quality and heterogeneity of labor and capital;
3. does not account for the reversibility of the factors of production;
4. The correct answer is 2, 3.
5. do not take into account particular geographical situation of the country.

Question 6. What is the theory explains the development of world trade in manufactured goods based on the stages of their lives:
1. The theory of absolute advantage;
2. The theory of comparative advantage;
3. The theory of product life cycle;
4. The Heckscher-Ohlin theory;
5. The theory of economies of scale.
Question 7. Which scientist theorized life cycle of the goods?
1. V.Leontev;
2. R.Vernon;
3. P.Kryugman;
4. Ricardo;
5. Adam Smith.
Question 8. Production of public goods does not fit into the theory of the life cycle of the goods:
1. The short-lived;
2. The high cost of transport;
3. have a great opportunity to differentiate on quality;
4. The correct answer is 1,2,3.
5. The long lifecycle.
Question 9: Who proposed the theory of economies of scale:
1. R.Vernon;
2. P.Kryugman, K.Lankaster;
3. B.Minhas;
4. Marx;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 10. What is the essence of the theory of economies of scale?
1. The increase in the scale of production unit costs per unit of output is reduced with increasing release of the savings on the elements of fixed costs;
2. by increasing the scale of production unit costs per unit of output is reduced with increasing release of the savings on the elements of variable costs;
3. The reduction in the scale of production unit costs per unit of output is reduced with increasing release of the savings on the elements of variable costs;
4. The reduction in the scale of production unit costs per unit of output increase with the release of the growth of variable costs;
5. there is no right answer.

Question 11. What type of customs duties calculated as% of the customs value of the goods:
1. special;
2. specific;
3. combined;
4. transit;
5. The ad valorem.
Question 12. How is the customs value of the goods:
1. The price of the exporter;
2. The price of goods on the domestic market;
3. The exporter price + all domestic taxes on imported goods;
4. The price of goods on the domestic market - all taxes on imported goods;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 13. What type of customs duties is advantageous:
1. imported;
2. export;
3. The transit;
4. all equally;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 14. What is the measure passed in the formula: T = (Ah ... * TIM) / 1-A:
1. nominal tariff rate

Additional information

Question 16. What types of fees may be established in accordance with the Law "On Customs Tariff"?
1. seasonal;
2. Special;
3. The anti-dumping;
4. compensation;
5. All the answers are correct.
Question 17. What is the purpose of customs and tariff regulation:
1. protectionist policies;
2. The regulation of consumer products that are not produced in the country;
3. To ensure the receipt of funds in the budget;
4. All the answers are correct;
5. is not the correct answer.
Question 18. The certificate of origin is not required for the following goods cost (US.)
1. 1 000;
2. 5000;
3. Up to 20,000;
4. up to 50 000;
5. to 100,000.
Question 19. At what level V (in%) of goods is considered to be produced in this country:
1. <10;
2. <20;
3. from 20 to 50;
4.> 50;
5. 100.
Question 20. The investigation into subsidization of imported goods cease when proven. What is the amount of subsidy ...
1. more than 1% of the invoiced value
2. less than 1% of the invoice value
3. exactly 1% of the invoice value
4. less than 2% of the invoice value
5. more than 2% of the invoiced value

Question 21. What is the purpose of the financial measures taken NTO:
1. prevent damage from unfair competition;
2. reduce domestic taxes;
3. To eliminate the dumping;
4. restrict the access of importers to the foreign exchange market;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 22. What is the average tariff for the developed countries:
1. 5%;
2. 2. 3%;
3. 3. 6%;
4. 4. 10%;
5. 5. 14%.
Question 23. What methods are methods of para-NTO:
1. customs surcharges;
2. The additional fees over and above the customs duty;
3. internal taxes on imports; decreed customs valuation;
4. The correct answer is 1,2,3;
5. The correct answer is 1.2.
Question 24. What are the additional charges applied in the customs practice of Russia:
1. The fee for customs clearance;
2. The fee for customs escort and storage of goods;
3. stamp duties;
4. Statistical taxes;
5. All the answers are correct.
Question 25. decreed customs valuation is:
1. underestimation of the cost of imported goods;
2. The administrative determination of the customs value of imported goods the tax authorities;
3. overestimation of the cost of imported goods;
4. The requirement to pre-pay the cost of the product;
5. The customs surcharge.

Question 26. In what area are particularly common agreement on compensation:
Question 27. Solve the problem. The function of the offer price of cars by domestic producers Sp = 10 + 0.5 R function of demand for cars in the domestic market Sd = 800-1,5 R. Find the value of imports, if the market price of the car in the domestic market is 100.
Question 28. According to the task 4, determine to what extent imports will be reduced, if introduced customs duty of 10.
Question 29. What are the main types of licenses:
Question 30. What is "the deliberate dumping"?
Question 31. What prevents convertibility of the ruble?
Question 32. Who are the main participants in the FX market?
etc.

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