Major risk factors
The procedure for measuring blood pressure
Special situations when measuring blood pressure
Selection of the antihypertensive agent
The criteria for the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy
Thiazide diuretics and sulfa
According to a survey of a representative sample (1993), the age-standardized prevalence of hypertension (³ 140/90 mm. Hg. Art.) In Russia amounts to 39.2% among men and 41.1% among women.
According to the report JNC (1991-1994, USA), 68% of patients are aware of the presence of ethylene glycol, 58% are treated, 27% achieve the desired pressure.
Men and women have a distinct increase in hypertension with age. Up to 40 years is more common in men after 50 years - more frequently in women.
Increase of the maximum blood pressure begins from the age of 20 years. At first it is smooth, but with a 40-year-olds begins increasingly steep climb performance. For women in all age groups under 45 years of BP figures are lower than in men (especially those aged up to 25 years). With menopause (perimenopausal period) in women the maximum blood pressure is higher than that of men.
After the establishment of BP increase with the age of the impression that hypertension - a sign of aging, but it is clearly only in respect of systolic hypertension in people older than 50-60 years.