Towns and townspeople in the 17th century.

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Description

Course work in discipline "History"

on the theme "Cities and townspeople in the 17th century."
1317051

Additional information

TABLE OF CONTENTS



INTRODUCTION 3

1. Council Code 5

1.1. The structure of the Council Code 6

1.2. A brief analysis of the content of Council Code. 8

1.3. The various branches of law in the Cathedral the Code. 15

1.4. Penalties for Council Code and their objectives 19

1.5. Rem, contracts and inheritance law. 20

2. THE CITY AND townspeople 27

CONCLUSION 31

REFERENCES 33

APPENDIX 36


INTRODUCTION

Conciliar The Code of 1649 - Code of the Russian state, adopted Zemsky Sobor 1648 - 1649. After the uprising in Moscow and other Russian cities. Adoption of Council Code was a milestone in the development of autocracy and serfdom. It meets the interests of the ruling class of nobles and remained the basic law until the first half of the XIX century.

September 1, 1648 in Moscow started Zemsky Sobor, which in January 1649 was made Conciliar The Code. It completed a long process of folding of serfdom in Russia. From the time of Kievan Rus´ existed not free peasants (purchasing, ryadovichi). More of Law in 1447 limited the peasants´ transition to other land two weeks a year (before and after the St. George´s Day, ie 10 December), has introduced a fee for "elderly" that the farmer had to pay the lord, leaving his land.

In 1581 vedeny were so-called "forbidden years", when the transition of the peasants is prohibited. In 1592 was finished compiling "cadastres" in 1597 was introduced five years tracing runaway peasants who fled after 1592. In 1607 it was increased to 15 years. Finally, in 1649 cemented Conciliar The Code of peasants.

Conciliar The Code consists of 25 chapters divided into articles. The total number of entries - 967. For the convenience of the heads of the foregoing detailed table of contents, indicating the contents of chapters and articles.

The relevance of this topic is that the Conciliar The Code of 1649 is one of the most important historical monuments of feudal Russia. The decision on the Zemsky Sobor 1648 - 1649, it had also been published in Moscow one thousand two hundred copies of the edition, and then out of print, and even in the 30s of the XIX century was included in the complete set of laws. Russian Empire. Thus, for nearly two hundred years Conciliar The Code of course supplement and change new legislation monarchy officially regarded as the current legislation.

Important chapter XIX Code is "On townspeople people". ELIMINATION privately settlements, the return of mortgagors ´and´ belomesttsev "in the tax and then detective work massive runaway townspeople, peasants, to keep the ban in the cities of stores to trade (they are allowed to trade with carts and plows) government to meet the basic requirement of petitions. The interests of traders and regulations meet the head of "four."

Purpose of course work - to analyze the content of Council Code for cities and townspeople.

The object of the course work is class in Russia XVII century.

The subject - the city and the townspeople in Russia XVII century (based on Council Code).

The object and purpose of the following tasks:

1) review the structure of Council Code;

2) to give a brief analysis of the content of Council Code;

3) to find out what is being said in the Cathedral of the Code of towns and townspeople people;

4) to determine the position of townspeople Council Code;

5) To consider the role of cities in the economic life of Russia in the XVII century.

Method: Analysis of methodological literature on the study.

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