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Английский, вар 1 (COMPUTER HISTORY AND APPLICATION)

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5 СЕМЕСТР
Вариант 1
COMPUTER HISTORY AND APPLICATION
1 Please, answere the following questions.
• Are you an advanced computer user?
• How much time a day do you spend in front of the screen?
• When did you learn how to use the computer?
• How important is the computer in your studies and in your daily life?

2 Write what devices can be used to do the following actions. Is there anything in the list that can be done only with the help of computer?
To type and print documents, to play music, to send messages, to surf the net, to process data, to download and store information, to make graphs.

3 Reconstruct the jumbled sentences. Do you think these statements are true? Add your own definition of computer.
1 Computer is a miraculous device
a. speeds up financial calculations.
2 It is a calculating machine that b. you to type and to print any kind of document.
3 It is an electronic cabinet which managers c. which is capable of doing anything you ask.
4 It is a magical typewriter that allows d. and with people around the world.
5 It is a personal communicator that enables you to interact with other computers e. use to relax with computer games.
6 It is also electronic entertainment which you can f. large collections of data such as customers lists, accounts and inventories.

4 You will read an article about personal computer from an on-line encyclopedia. Before you read suggest your answers to these questions. Then look quickly through the text and check you answers.
1 CPU in this text most probably means:
A Corporal Punishment Union
B Central Processing Unit
C Computer Program Upgrade
2 All of the following are operations which can be done with the help of computer except:
A word processing
B desktop publishing
C running spreadsheets
D building IBM clones
3 The first personal computer appeared
A in early 1980s
B in the late 1970s
C in the late 1960s
4 Workstation is
A a very powerful computer
B a computer for playing games
C a network of computers
5 IBM is
A one of the leading companies in the personal computer market
B one of the most popular computers
С one of the main computer components
5 Read the article, check you answers for the previous activity. Fill in the gaps (1 – 6) with phrases (A – G). One phrase needn’t be used.
A competing operating systems
B capable of running the same software
C to put an entire CPU on one chip
D to form networks
E to design electrical installations and lighting systems
F single-user systems
G computing power and graphics capability

PERSONAL COMPUTER
Personal computer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer designed for an individual user. In price, personal computers range anywhere from a few hundred dollars to thousands of dollars. All are based on the microprocessor technology that enables manufacturers 1___. CPU stands for Central Processing Unit. The reason the CPU is called a processor is because it can work with data: it can do calculations; it can move data.
Businesses use personal computers for word processing, accounting, desktop publishing, and for running spreadsheet and database management applications. At home, the most popular use for personal computers is for playing games.
Personal computers first appeared in the late 1970s. One of the first and most popular personal computers was the Apple II, introduced in 1977 by Apple Computer. During the late 1970s and early 1980s, new models and 2_____ appeared daily.
Then, in 1981, IBM entered the market with its first personal computer, known as the IBM PC. The IBM PC quickly became the personal computer of choice, and most other p

Дополнительная информация

6 Fill in the table with the information from the text.
Major computer applications Major companies on the computer market The most popular computer models

7 Look at the model sentence from the text and explain what the following things are.
Model: Personal computer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer designed for an individual user.
• IBM clones
• CPU
• Apple Macintosh
• network

8 You will read an interview with Linda Brackenbury – a Senior Lecturer in the Computer Science department. Before you read look at the pictures and suggest about the following:
1 What is ‘Baby’ in picture 1?
2 Who are the people in picture 2? What are they doing?
3 When were these pictures taken?

9 Make sure you now the following words, translate them:
• processing power
• technical apparatus and cables
• hardware
• do the programming
• valve
• integrated circuit
• sophisticated facilities
• replica

10 Read the questions that Linda Brackenbury was asked, then read Linda’s answers and match each question (A – F) with the suitable answer (1 – 9). The first is done for you.
A Could you tell us about the new ´Baby´?
B How much had things progressed in 1965 since the invention of Baby?
C How important was the role that Alan Turing played in developing this field?
D Can today´s students still learn from those early days of computer science?
E What was the computer that you studied on like?
F What inspired you to go on the course?

BABY GROWS UP
By Richard Turner
In 1965, The University of Manchester was the first in the country to open a Computer Science degree course – and Linda Brackenbury was one of the first 28 students to enroll. Linda - now a Senior Lecturer in the department - was taught by Tom Kilburn and Sir Freddie Williams who invented the world´s first computer - ´The Baby´ in 1948.
´Baby´ had the equivalent processing power of a mobile phone but filled an entire room with technical apparatus and cables. A replica is now based within Manchester’s Museum of Science and Industry.
Linda looks back at those pioneering days:
0 What do you remember about your days as a student in Manchester?
A: "It was an extremely exciting time to be an undergraduate in Computer Science (CS). It was really the first course in the country and we were the first lot to be admitted to that course. There were only 28 of us in the first year – and just four girls - and we had a very close relationship with the staff because we were pioneering our way through this course and there was this buzz and excitement about what we were doing."
1
"Nobody had a crystal ball as to where it was actually going to go but to me it looked very interesting because I had studied Maths and Physics at advanced level and I wanted something that was going to continue both streams of knowledge. And CS where we were going to learn something about the hardware and use our maths to do the programming seemed to be the ideal combination."
2
"Turing is considered by most people to be one of the original thinkers of the last century and I think he’s had a tremendous impact. You can’t pick up any textbook which refers to early computing without the name of Turing being mentioned and he really was a one-off sort of guy. We’re very proud and that’s why we’re hoping to celebrate in great style on the 40th anniversary."
3........

11 The phrases underlined in the text have figurative meaning. Explain them in different words.

12 Revise what you’ve learnt about the first computer. Make a short report.

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