Training of Correctional Staff
Our Academy trains officers for the Penal Service. The students handle social and economic subjects, law disciplines, skill-oriented subjects and some theoretical courses.
The program takes five years to complete the education for full-time students, and six years for correspondence students. To be able to perform well a penal officer must be informed of modern problems of crime and punishment:
- What is the purpose of punishment?
- What is the social background of modern criminality?
- What types of punishment are practiced today in this country and abroad?
The graduates can be promoted up to a colonel during their active service.
In Great Britain they do not have any institutions equivalent to our academy. People who come in to work as guards get an initial period of training of about 18 weeks. People who come in to work as governor grades (of the kind our academy trains) typically come in to the prison service from outside. They are mostly University graduates but in a wide range of subjects – languages, humanities, sociology. Very few of them are lawyers. Once they have joined the service they serve an apprenticeship and they are transferred around all the key management jobs in the prison. Then they are sent away periodically to the in-service training college to learn particular aspects of the job on short courses.